, nor Washington
, nor John Adams
, nor Jeffer-
Chap. LXX.} 1776. July 4.
son, nor Jay
, had ever expressed a preference for a republic.
The voices that rose for independence, spoke also for alliances with kings.
The sovereignty of George the Third was renounced, not because he was a king, but because he was deemed to be ‘a tyrant.’
The insurgents, as they took up self-government, manifested no impatience at the recollection of having been ruled by a royal line; no eagerness to blot out memorials of their former state; they sent forth no Hugh Peter
to recommend to the mother country the abolition of monarchy, which no one seems to have proposed or to have wished; in the moment of revolution in America
, they did not counsel the English
to undertake a revolution.
The republic was to America
a godsend; it came, though unsought, because society contained the elements of no other organization.
Here, and, in that century, here only, was a people, which, by its education and large and long experience, was prepared to act as the depository and carrier of all political power.
America developed her choice from within herself; and therefore it is, that, conscious of following an inner law, she never made herself a spreader of her system, where the conditions of success were wanting.
Finally, the declaration was not only the announcement of the birth of a people, but the establishment of a national government; a most imperfect one, it is true, but still a government, in conformity with the limited constituent powers which each colony had conferred upon its delegates in congress.
The war was no longer a civil war; Britain was become to the United States
a foreign country.
Every former subject of