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[82] Pendleton, who ever desired it might be remembered
Chap. XLV.} 1775.
that ‘a redress of grievances, and not a revolution of government, was his wish,’ was placed at its head.

To defray the charges of the late Indian war, and to provide for her defence, Virginia, following the general example, directed an emission of three hundred and fifty thousand pounds in paper currency; the smallest bill to be for one shilling and three pence. George Mason urged the continuance of the land tax and the poll tax, which would have annually sunk fifty thousand pounds; but his opposition was vain; and taxation was suspended for a year.

Having made preparations for security, both against invasions and a servile insurrection, the members of the convention once more declared before God and the world, that they did bear faith and true allegiance to his majesty George the Third, their only lawful and rightful king; and would, so long as it might be in their power, defend him and his government, as founded on the laws and well known principles of the constitution; but that they were also determined to defend their lives and properties, and maintain their just rights and privileges, even at the extremest hazards. ‘Rather than submit to the rights of legislating for us, assumed by the British parliament,’ wrote Jefferson from Monticello, ‘I would lend my hand to sink the whole island in the ocean.’

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