Instead of raising indigo or rice, they were
Chap. XLVI.} 1775. July to Oct.
chiefly herdsmen; below, the Protestant Episcopal church was predominant; the land above tide water thronged with various Christian sects.
They had no common family recollections or ancestry, no ties by frequent intermarriages; a body of Germans who occupied Saxe Gotha on the Congaree
, looked to the king as their landlord, and would not risk an ejectment from their farms; others, recently escaped from poverty in Europe
, sought only subsistence and quiet in America
Still less did the two populations blend in political affinities; legislative power under the provincial government rested exclusively in the hands of men of the Church of England; delegates were elected only from the parishes, near the sea; west of Orangeburgh
there had been no representation; and the occupants of the land, as a class, were too newly arrived, and too ignorant of the questions at issue, and too little trained to a participation in public life, to have fixed opinions.
The planters were in constant connection with England
; enough of them had been bred there to give a tone to society, and a direction to opinion; they looked down upon the boors of the interior as ‘men of low degree, though of eminence in that new country; totally illiterate, though of common natural parts;’ and there were not wanting agents or partisans of the crown—Fletchall, the very active and spirited Robert Cunningham
, Patrick Cunningham
and others—to fill the minds of these rude husbandmen with bitterness against ‘the gentlemen.’
The summer was passed in indecisive struggles for superiority; the crown had its emissaries, whom the Council of safety sent William Henry Drayton