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[131] influence, would not see him. ‘The king and his
Chap. XLIX.} 1775. Aug.
cabinet,’ said Suffolk, ‘are determined to listen to nothing from the illegal congress, to treat with the colonies only one by one, and in no event to recognise them in any form of association.’

‘The Americans,’ reasoned Sandwich, ‘will soon grow weary, and Great Britain will subject them by her arms.’ Haldimand, who had just arrived, owned that ‘nothing but force would bring the Americans to reason.’ Resolvedly blind to consequences, George the Third scorned dissimulation, and eagerly ‘showed his determination,’ such were his words, ‘to prosecute his measures, and force the deluded Americans into submission.’ He chid Lord North for ‘the delay in framing a proclamation declaring the Americans rebels, and forbidding all intercourse with them.’ He was happier than his minister; he had no misgivings that he could be in the wrong, or could want power to enforce his will. The colonists who pleaded their rights against the unlimited supremacy of the king in parliament, were to him false to the crown and the constitution, to religion, loyalty, and the law; in his eyes, to crush their spirit and punish their disobedience was a duty and a merit. In the indulgence of his anger he sought to impose an authority which the colonists never could endure, and which promised no advantage to Britain. The navigation acts, of which it already began to be seen that the total repeal would not diminish British trade, were not questioned; the view of a revenue from America had dissolved; the unwise change in the charter of Massachusetts weakened the influence of the crown by irritating the people; the most perfeet

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