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1 دَخَلَ دخل , (S, K, &c.,) aor. دَخُلَ , (TA,) inf. n. دُخُولٌ (S, Msb, K) and مَدْخَلٌ, (S, K,) He, or it, entered; or went, came, passed, or got, in; contr. of خَرَجَ; (K;) as also ↓ اِدَّخَلَ , of the measure اِفْتَعَلَ, and ↓ اندخل , (S, K,) this last occuring in poetry, but not chaste, (S,) and ↓ تدخّل , (K,) or this signifies it (a thing) entered by little and little. (S, O.) You say, دَخَلْتُ مَدْخَلًا حَسَنًا [like دُخُولًا حَسَنًا I entered with a good entering]. (S.) And دَخَلْتُ البَيْتَ (S) or الدَّارَ, i. e. [I entered the house, or] I became within the house, and the like, (Msb,) correctly meaning إِِلَى البَيْتِ [&c., or فِى البَيْتِ &c., i. e. I entered into the house, &c.], the prep. being suppressed, and the noun put in the accus. case after the manner of an objective complement: for nouns of place are of two kinds, vague and definite; the vague being such as the six relative locations, خَلْفٌ, and قُدَّامٌ, and يَمِينٌ, and شِمَالٌ, and فَوْقٌ, and تَحْتٌ, and the like, such as أَمَامٌ, and وَرَآءٌ, and أَعْلَى, and أَسْفَلُ, and عِنْدَ, and لَدُنْ, and وَسْطٌ in the sense of بَيْنٌ, and قُبَالَةٌ, all which, and similar nouns of place, may become adverbs, because indefinite; for dost thou not see that what is خَلْف to thee may be قُدَّام to another? but that which is definite, having make, and corporeal substance, and tracts that comprehend it, as a mountain and a valley and a market and a house and a mosque, the noun signifying such a thing cannot become an adverb; for you may not say, قَعَدْتُ الدَّارَ, nor صَلَّيْتُ المَسْجِدَ, nor نِمْتُ الجَبَلَ, nor قُمْتُ الوَادِىَ; the phrases of this kind that occur being instances of the suppression of a prep.; as دَخَلْتُ البَيْتَ, and نَزَلْتُ الوَادِىَ, and صَعِدْتُ الجَبَلَ. (S, O, TA.) You say also, دَخَلْتُ عَلَى زَيْدٍ الدَّارَ, meaning I entered the house after Zeyd, he being in it. (Msb.) [And simply دَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ He came in upon him: and also he came upon him; i. e. invaded him.] And دَخَلَ بِا@مْرَأَتِهِ, (Msb, TA,) and عَلَيْهَا, (MA,) inf. n. دُخُولٌ, (Mgh, Msb,) [like دَخَلَ بِأَهْلِهِ, and عَلَيْهَا, (see أَهْلٌ,) i. e. (tropical:) He went in to his wife or woman,] is a metonymical phrase, denoting الجِمَاع, (Msb, TA,) i. e. الوَطْء, (Mgh, Msb, TA,) whether it be such as is allowed by the law or such as is forbidden, (Mgh,) generally such as is lawful. (Msb, TA. [See what is said in explanation of the term خَلْوَةٌ in the first paragraph of art. خلو.]) And دَخَلَ بَعْضُهُ فِى بَعْضٍ i. q. تَدَاخَلَ [q. v.]. (TA in art. قصر, &c.) [For ex.,] you say, دَخَلَ بَعْضُ النُّجُومِ فِى بَعْضٍ [The stars became confused together]. (Mgh and TA in art. شبك: in the former coupled with اِخْتَلَطَتْ.) And دَخَلَ فِيهِمْ [He entered among them, so as to become a member of their community, confraternity, party, sect, or the like;] said of a stranger. (K.) [And دَخَلَ فِى طَاعَتِهِ: see طَائِعٌ, in art. طوع.] When دَخَلَ is said of income, or revenue, [meaning It came in, accrued, or was received,] the aor. is as above, and the inf. n. دَخْلٌ: (Msb:) and you say, يَدْخُلُ عَلَى الإِِنْسَانِ [It comes in, or accrues, to the man]. (Msb, K. *) دَخَلَ بِهِ [lit. He entered with him, or it]: see 4. ― -b2- [Hence, دَخَلَ فِيهِ meaning (assumed tropical:) It became included, comprehended, or comprised, in it. And hence,] دَخَلَ فِى دِينِ الإِِسْلَامِ (assumed tropical:) [He entered within the pale of the religion of ElIslám; he entered the communion of that religion; he entered into, embraced, or became a proselyte to, that religion]. (Msb in art. سلم, &c. [See Kur cx. 2.]) And دَخَلَ فِى الأَمْرِ, inf. n. دُخُولٌ, (assumed tropical:) He entered upon, began, or commenced, the affair. (Msb.) [And دَخَلَ فِى أَمْرِ غَيْرِهِ, and أُمُورِ غَيْرِهِ, and ↓ تدخّل , and ↓ تداخل (assumed tropical:) He entered into, or mixed himself in, another's affair, and another's affairs.] ― -b3- [Hence also, دَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ said of night, &c., It came upon him, or invaded him. And said of a word, such as a prep. &c., It was, or became, prefixed to it, preposed to it, or put before it.] ― -b4- [دَخَلَنِى مِنْهُ seems (from an instance in art. بضع in the K) to mean (assumed tropical:) An evil opinion of him entered my mind; from دَخْلٌ as signifying “ a thing that induces doubt, or suspicion, or evil opinion. ”] -A2- دُخِلَ, (S, K,) like عُنِىَ; (K;) and دَخِلَ, aor. دَخَلَ ; inf. n. [of the former] دَخْلٌ and [of the latter] دَخَلٌ; (K;) (assumed tropical:) He had an unsoundness (دَخَلٌ, S, K, i. e. فَسَادٌ, K) in his intel-lect, (S, K,) or in his body, (K,) or in his grounds of pretension to respect. (TA in explanation of the former verb.) And دَخِلَ أَمْرُهُ, aor. دَخَلَ , (K,) inf. n. دَخَلٌ, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) His affair, or case, or state, was, or became, intrinsically bad or corrupt or unsound. (K.) ― -b2- دُخِلَ الطَّعَامُ The corn, or food, became eaten by worms or the like. (JK.) ― -b3- دُخِلَ عَلَيْهِ (assumed tropical:) He was led into a mistake, or an error, respecting a thing, without knowing it, by his having preconceived it. (Msb.)
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