previous next

5 تَكَلَّفَ أَمْرًا ذ He [undertook a thing, or an affair, as imposed upon him: or] took, or imposed, upon himself, or undertook, a thing, or an affair, [as a task, or] in spite of difficulty, trouble, or inconvenience; (Msb;) syn. تَجَتَّمَهُ: (S, K:) he constrained, or tasked, or exerted, himself, or took pains, or made an effort, to do a thing; meaning, a thing that was difficult, troublesome, or inconvenient, to him: or he affected, as a self-imposed task, the doing of a thing. (The Lexicons, passim: see تغزّل: and see كَلَّفَهُ أَمْرًا.) ― -b2- تكلّف صِفَةً He affected, or endeavoured to acquire, a quality. So in the explanations of verbs of the measure تَفَعَّلَ; as نَحَلَّمَ. (Sharh El-'Izzee, by Saad-ed-Keen.) ― -b3- Also, He affected, or pretended to have, a quality, not having it. So in the explanations of verbs of the measure تَفَاعَلَ, as تَجَاهَلَ: (idem:) [and sometimes in verbs of the measure تَفَعَّلَ also, as تَكَسَّرَ &c.]. And تَكَلَّفَ alone, He exercised self-constraint, or put himself to trouble or inconvenience. ― -b4- تَكَلَّفَ He affected what was not natural to him. ― -b5- تَكَلَّفَ He used forced efforts to do a thing, and to appear to have a quality. He affected, or endeavoured to do or acquire, &c.; he constrained himself to do, &c.; he applied himself, as to a task, to do a thing. تكلّف الشَّجَاعَةَ He made himself, or constrained himself to be, courageous; affected, or endeavoured to acquire, or characterize himself by, courage. ― -b6- تكلّف الشَّجَاعَةَ also, He acted, or behaved, with forced courage; endeavoured to be courageous. ― -b7- تكلّف فِى عَرَبِيَّتِهِ He used a forced, or affected, manner in his Arabic speech. ― -b8- تَكَلُّفٌ A straining of a point in lexicology. ― -b9- تَعَقَّلَ signifies He affected or endeavoured to acquire, intelligence; explained by تكلّف العَقْلَ: and تَعَاقَلَ, he pretended to be intelligent, not being really so. (S, art. عقل.) تَكَلُّفٌ in a verb of the measure تَفَعَّلَ is as above explained, signifying a desire for the existence of an attribute in one's self: in a verb of the measure تَفَاعَلَ it is different, and means the pretending to be or to do something which in reality one is not or does not; as in the instance of تَجَاهَلَ, he pretended to be ignorant, not being so in reality. (Sharh El-'Izzee, by Saad-ed-Deen.) تَكَلَّفَ كَذَا He did so purposely. ― -b10- تَكَلَّفَ He tasked himself. ― -b11- تَكَلَّفَ القَىْءَ He vomited intentionally. (TA, art. قىء.)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: