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[p. 73] terms of the agreement, Young was to maintain himself and family, and to have house rent and the use of the kitchen fire. In 1813, thirty-three persons were supported wholly by the town, and thirteen assisted. The families of soldiers of 1812 were grudgingly granted aid, for Medford, led by their pastor, Rev. David Osgood, was bitterly opposed to the war. One man is referred to as being, not in the army of the United States, but ‘in Mr. Madison's army.’ September 23, 1815, a great gale passed over West Medford and nearly wrecked the poorhouse, together with many other buildings, blowing down the chimneys and breaking the windows. This house, or a portion of it, is still standing on Canal street, and has lately become a home for aged inventors. The unfortunate, the decrepit, the lazy, the vicious, and the insane were housed ninety years ago under the workhouse roof. In 1816 it was voted by the selectmen that a new place ‘for the better security and comfort’ of one of the last named class be built in the cellar. In 188, by act of Congress, soldiers of the Revolution received pensions, and at that time a little group of veterans left the poorhouse to maintain themselves on this slender stipend. Others, too feeble to shift for themselves, remained behind, their pensions being used for their benefit by the overseers. A set of rules for the government of the poorhouse was promulgated in 1818, and the first one was, ‘If any will not work, neither shall he eat.’ And what kind of fare was he deprived of if he persisted in being lazy? In 1820, by act of the General Court, an adult pauper was allowed one dollar per week for support, and a child fifty cents a week. In order to bring expenses within the proper limit, the following bill of fare was presented to Leonard Bucknam, the keeper, to be rigidly followed. Dinners for a week: two of baked or stewed beans,
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