twelve and one-half cents per week for washing, and for ‘rations’ at five cents per day. What these ‘rations’ were (which one man charged as ‘allowance’) may be readily conjectured, and the fact the bills were approved and paid, throws some light on the custom of the time.
Tolls on merchandise down the Merrimack
had to be prepaid, while those through the canal could be paid at the office in Charlestown
, the goods being security for the same.
During the earliest years the canal was being constructed, a canal was built around Pawtucket Falls
, and for twenty-five years was used for the purpose of navigation.
Then some capitalists were induced to buy the same and utilize the power of the Merrimack
it furnished; the result was the town, and soon the city, of Lowell
In 1831 Mr. Eddy
was directed to survey a route for a branch canal from Billerica
to the Hamilton Mills
, to save four miles and Pawtucket
He reported the project feasible, but counselled delay.
The reason is not hard to discover in the following letter to the corporation.
The result of the conference thus suggested was the building of the embankment at West Medford, carrying the railway nine and one-half feet above the canal (when full), with abutments thirty-four feet apart, and an additional wall supporting the tow-path.
During the early