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[p. 50] and partly on pasture land of George Blanchard. Here we have the exact date of the erection of the house, now known as the old Wellington farm house, as the above description of the land upon which Mr. Blanchard built his house is the same land upon which the old farm house now stands—a rare instance of our ability to fix upon the age of our old buildings. The pine swamp above referred to was part of the Cradock grant, and was sold by Mr. Edward Collins to Mr. George Blanchard. This lot of land is known by the name of the stump marsh and also as the dike marsh. The stumps of those pine trees are today scattered plentifully in the marsh, both inside and outside of the dike; some of these stumps stand in marshland which is covered by salt water every high course of tides. Does this indicate a subsidence of this land since the settlement of the country? The Wilson and Blanchard houses were originally situated in the town of Charlestown, and are referred to in this paper, because of their immediate connection with Medford estates.

The Peter Tufts houses.

Standing on Riverside avenue at the present time is an old brick house, commonly known as the Cradock house. It takes its name from Mr. Mathew Cradock, a London merchant, who was at one time supposed to have been its owner and builder. Mr. Cradock was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company. (Mr.Cradock never came to New England. He appointed agents for the transaction of his business here.) In March, 1634, the General Court provided that ‘All the ground, as well upland as meadow, lying and being betwixt the lands of Mr. Nowell and Mr. Wilson on the east; and the partition betwixt Mistick Ponds on the west; bounded with Mistick River on the south, and the Rocks on the north, is granted to Mr. Cradock, Merchant, to enjoy, to him and his heirs forever.’ The following year the court endeavored to make the north

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