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[p. 5] been particular to give in detail the names of those parties who were granted licenses as innholders, etc., for the reason that this house appears to have been the first, and for many years the only, public house (excepting the Rookes' house) in the town of Medford, and these names appearing in such regular order, leads to the belief that they may have been occupants of this house.

The Peirces were located here without doubt, still this evidence, while it seems probable, is by no means conclusive, for Mr. John Hall, senior, lived on what is now the corner of High and Allston streets. Mr. Stephen Hall, his son, probably lived in his father's house, and Mr. John Hall, junior, lived on the Woburn road, on or near the spot where the house of the late Mr. Albert Smith now stands, and they may have done business at their residences. Let us now consider what evidence there is to authorize us to believe that the house of Mr. Willis was the house at which Mr. Dunton was entertained in the year 1686. At that date there were but three great highways leading through Medford, viz.: the highway now known as Grove street, the highway from Medford bridge to Woburn (part of High street and all of Woburn street) and the Highway to Malden (Salem street). So far as we know the house of Mr. Caleb Brooks, and possibly the house of Captain Timothy Wheeler, afterwards that of Mr. Ebenezer Prout, and still later that of Messrs. John and Stephen Francis, were the only houses on the first named highway at that date, and there is no evidence that either of those parties were ever licensed as tavern keepers. On the highway from Medford bridge to Woburn were the two houses of Major Jonathan Wade (one of which was probably the old Cradock Mansion) and that of Mr. John Bradshaw; nor is there any evidence that these houses were used as taverns. On the highway to Malden there was but a single house, that of Jonathan Tufts near the Malden line, and Mr. Tufts was never licensed as an innholder.

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1686 AD (1)
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