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[p. 64]

The Whitmores of Medford and some of their descendants.

[Read before the Medford Historical Society.]

I have been told by our President, Mr. Brown, that one of the many good and wise things that have been done by this society is collecting and preserving the history of the old families who lived in Medford in its early days. Many of these still remain here—others lived here but a short time. In some cases the names are lost, though their descendants, through the marriages of their daughters, may be with us now. Others, still, vanished so long ago that there remains very little trace of them, except in the town and county records. The Whitmore family about which I am to speak tonight belongs to the latter class.

Curiously enough, however, it is to one of its descendants that Medford is indebted for much that is known about its history. I refer to Mr. William Henry Whitmore of Boston, who assisted the Rev. Charles Brooks in compiling the History of Medford published in 1855. According to this history, the earliest record of the name of Whitmore is John Whitmore of Stamford, Connecticut. In 1634, Watertown formed a settlement in Wethersfield, and in 1640 Stamford was settled by them. John Whitmore was made a townsman in 1641, and had ten acres of land given him as an original land owner. In 1649 he went to the common grounds to look for his cattle and never returned. This, with other acts of the Indians, caused a declaration of war. Uncas, chief of the Mohegans, assembled his tribe, and they led the way into the woods and found the body three months after his disappearance. He represented Stamford in the General Court. He left five children: Thomas, John, Ann, Mary and Francis, born in 1625. This is undoubtedly the Francis Whitmore of Cambridge, born in that year, whose descendants lived in Medford a hundred years. The names of John and Francis occur again and again. He lived in Cambridge near the Lexington

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