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[p. 34] the southerly side of Ship street, opposite Pleasant street, in the little house still standing. He furnished a pine pump in 1843 for Malden's town well, at a cost of $16.67.

‘Dec. 7, 1801 Voted To have guide Boards put up in Market place in Medford, in most suitable place.’

‘25 May 1812 Voted To allow Field Vining's account for clearing Water course in market place last winter.’

‘July 26, 1814 Voted To pass Timothy Dexter's acct. for making 16 3/4 rods of drain in the market place at $7.63 per rod $127.80.’

‘5 Mar. 1825 Voted To allow Wm. C. Pratt's acct. for Stones to spread in market Place.’

The term Market Place recalls a phase of life very different from that today in our square: when mercantile affairs were more active, when the citizens relied upon home stores for the necessities of life, and people from great distances came here to barter or sell; when feminine shoppers were not lured to Boston by seductive advertisements in large daily papers; when they walked to Boston to do their shopping instead of being able to go by rapid transit two or three times a day if they choose.

For the first fifty years of the past century what picturesque, what busy scenes were enacted here! How attractive to the imagination those days, in comparison with the prosaic aspect of the square today. One of the most interesting chapters in Usher's History of Medford is that which describes the trade and manufactures and opens up to us that picture of life when trade, manufacturing, river traffic and ship building were increasing decade by decade, and giving our town a more than local reputation.

From this chapter I quote a few lines: ‘The increase of business, and the gathering of traders in the marketplace, became so great at the beginning of the century, that it was deemed advisable to appoint a clerk of the market.’ It became necessary to make rules and regulations regarding the conduct of affairs, and for the town

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