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[p. 52] as he tells of his house and farm at Mistick in a perfectly natural way, and with no mysticism or mystery at all. But in 1754 the little four-mile town of Meadford needed more room, and ancient Charlestown was too encircling, so the portion of Winthrop's farm and some more of Charlestown from the top of Winter hill following some pasture lines over Walnut-tree hill to the river, a triangular plat next Woburn, and the Charlestown wood lots next Malden, were annexed to Medford.

While this placed the entire width of the river, with two tributaries,1in Medford for over two miles, yet Charlestown still had another mile, with its cow pastures and the ‘line field,’ through which flowed the Menotomy river, below the Indian weare and fording place. Fifty years later she surrendered the line field to the new town of West Cambridge, and a century later all her remaining territory outside the peninsula became the town of Somerville.

Winthrop and his companions saw the red man's Missituk in its primitive solitude, fordable at the Indian trails, its broad marshes where is now Chelsea and Everett, its upper reaches bordered with wooded hills and level plains. He knew nothing of its tributary streams, nor yet of the territory through which they flowed, but his contemporaries soon learned something of it.

Johnson, whom we have already quoted, describes Woburn (Charlestown village) thus, as

the highest of the yet peopled land neere upon the head springs of many confiderable rivers or their branches, as the first rise of ipswitch river, and the rife of Shashin river, one of the confiderable branches of the Merrimeck, as also the first rife of Mistick river and ponds.

Evidently this ancient historian, settler and man of affairs, considered the Aberjona the main stream, and its head waters away up in Wilmington the ‘first rife of the Mistick.’ But another has its source away on the hills in Woburn near Lexington line, and coming down


1 Winter and Two-penny brooks.

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