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[p. 24]

Meaford lies on the Trent, where it is crossed by the great road from London to the N. W. The terminal ford doubtless applies to the passage of the river. Despite the D.1 forms the prefix may be accepted as Med which is difficult to interpret. It may represent A. S.2 maed, a meadow, but meadow-ford is not a satisfactory interpretation. There is a small stream running into Trent at Meaford and Med may represent its ancient name.

In Surveys of Staffordshire Preface p. XVI is mention by a contemporary diarist, of

R. Caverswall house Mr Cradock owns it.

And elsewhere in same book is

1640, 15 Ch. [arles] I Matthew Cradock Eng. merchant returned to Parliament for the City of London.

The last Matthew Cradock built the house at Caverswall.

To our caption query we reply: The original settlement of Medford was by men in the employ and interest of Matthew Cradock, merchant of London. He was the first ‘governor’ or president of a trading company chartered by King Charles I. He never came oversea but suggested the transfer here of the charter which became the foundation of a commonwealth.

Old home associations such as Mr. Brooks alluded to at Dr. Swan's dinner-table (also alluded to by the English diarist quoted) may have prompted him to call the new plantation he was starting, Medford or Metford. Dudley, his associate and successor in office, writes ‘which we named Meadford,’ thus differing slightly in possible pronunciation.

Whether d or t is of little moment but it is tantalizing that Mr. Brooks failed to mention the sources of his information regarding the Staffordshire town. Called in ‘Domesday Book’ both Medford and Metford, in 1173 it was called Medford. In 1251 it was still Medford, later it was Mefford; and in 1892, and probably now, Meaford —all this variety of spelling (possibly not of pronunciation) in staid old England. Somehow we fancy that e has its

1 Domesday Book.

2 Anglo Saxon.

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