In aboriginal days Sagamore John
It lay in the bend of the river below the tributary Menotomy
All annalists refer to Governor Winthrop
's nocturnal adventure thereat.
We have heard one insist that it occurred within present Somerville
Possibly it did, yet we think it equally possible to have been on the Medford
side, and certainly the Indian
relics exhumed in the sixties were on the Medford
The governor's night vigil is the earliest recorded history we have of this quarter, but long thereafter nothing of special note.
On this bleak northwestern exposure there was nothing of an inviting nature, and until within fifty years few dwellers made homes there.
The marshes of varying width bordered the Mystic
, which was but little used as a waterway, though quite a little fishing was done therein, and enough in its tributary to relegate its Indian name Menotomy
to obscurity and substitute the prosaic one of Alewife brook
No road crossed the river between Cradock and Wear bridges until 1857, saving for a few years the Cambridge-Woburn road over the Broughton milldam just above the Menotomy
Save for a little ship-building above Cradock bridge, the view southerly from Rock hill
could have differed little from that of aboriginal days, so far as human habitations were to be seen; only a few scattered dwellings.
One was that of Rev.
——Smith, whose daughter Abagail became the second ‘first lady of the land,’ the wife of President John Adams
But with the opening of the nineteenth century, somewhat by the influence of Medford
men and Medford
capital, there came one of those artificial features the amateur artist tried to portray, the old waterway known as the Middlesex canal
It passed through Mr. Smith
's domain in Medford
, across the Charlestown
marsh, over and beyond the river into Medford
This is the first physical change we note in this other corner of Medford
The enterprise in its entirety was, for the time, a great undertaking.