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[p. 51] case we have never seen any other account in American print, and are left in doubt as to its final outcome. The Medford records (Vol. 2, p. 314, 315, 316) contain a list of one hundred and twelve names, rated (i.e., assessed) the sum of ‘One hundred Pounds being ye Ministers Rate for ye year 1732.’ This list was committed to the constable the third of July for collection and payment by him to the treasurer by the fifteenth of October next ensuing.

Richard Sprague, who two years before had erected a substantial house just out from the market-place, ‘on the way to Blanchard's,’1 was the constable, and the minister whose salary he was thus to collect was Ebenezer Turell. But there was one man in Medford that refused to pay his rate because he was of the English Church.

The tax list of that time is divided into three classifications. Space forbids its entire reproduction, but here are four of its names:—

HEADSREALPERSONALESTATE & Faculty
Thomas Brooks0-11-0–
Peter Seccomb1-13-01-0-31-0-8
Richard Sprague1-13-00-7-60-3-5
Matthew Ellis1-5-30-4-9

We do not quite understand how the first (above named) was only assessed a ‘head’ or poll tax, or how the latter, a resident, nothing for his head. But he had some ‘faculty,’ as Constable Sprague found when he presented that Medford tax bill so long ago. Upon persistent refusal to pay toward the salary of Parson Turell, the said Matthew Ellis was by Constable Sprague speedily lodged ‘in His Majesty's gaol.’ How long he remained in durance vile we may not say, but on paying the tax and added costs he was released.

Then he took up the battle for religious freedom by bringing an action in court against Sprague ‘for assaulting, beating, wounding and imprisoning him, and detaining him in prison till he paid Sprague a fine of ’

1 See Frontispiece.

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