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[p. 52] steps leading up to large garden above on the north, and to cow barn northeast opening to Governor's lane.

K—Eben Hall house (Mrs. Thomas S. Harlow) was a large three-story city house with, I think, brick ends. Built A. D.——. An absurd little back yard, mostly perpendicular; steps up to a part. Title too shoal to permit excavation very much northward.

L—Isaac Hall house, built A. D.——. Three-story, back premises like K. Samuel Buell lived here about——. I knew his daughter Charlotte. She married and went to live in Schaghticoke, N. Y., near Troy.

Dark granite and red gravel.

These always came together. When red gravel appeared it was certain that dark granite was or had been in the same quarry. In fact the former was not a gravel at all, but disintegrated granite. This granite had so much iron in it that its oxidation colored everything. It was handsomer than Quincy stone. It would appear in great masses, some unchanged by rust, others hard as ever but colored like the gravel. The final form was the so-called red gravel. This stone was in demand. Mr. Joseph Grinnell built a house of it in New Bedford in 1830, and told me it came round Cape Cod in a schooner. Many gravestones, too, were made of it. Perhaps a search in Boston might find it in some house fronts. There are some puzzles, however. Why did Mr. Peter C. Brooks, in 1820, build his arch over the canal of stone from Concord, N. H.? (15 Register, p. 31.) He covered that arch and all the promenade from his mansion to the lake with Medford red gravel. Why did the Halls, who owned both quarries, build (1786) those steps behind the Dudley Hall house of granite from Tyngsboro? (15 Register, p. 65.) Mr. Magoun built his street wall in front of the Library (A. D. 18—) of Medford dark granite. (15 Register, p. 14, says Mr. Brooks built street walls of dark Medford granite.) Was the supply limited?

Query: Was there ever a stone-cutting establishment in Medford? Was the retaining wall built of Medford dark granite?

Medford red gravel was very popular. To say nothing of Med ford gardens, I saw it in many a Cambridge garden in 1845. It was on the pathways of Mount Auburn, and years earlier on the walks of Boston Common. It rolled hard and firm, did not tend to mud, had no weed seeds, and its color was fine. The Boston Transcript of July 13, 1870, says that Colonel Royall, shortly before 1739, made his stately garden walks at the Royall farm of gravel imported from England. I cannot quite believe this story. The colonel, though the father of a Tory, was no fool, and he must have seen the handsome and excellent red gravel of Medford a good while before he died, in 1739.


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