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[p. 63]

The following is a list of the vessels in which Benjamin Hall had an interest, with their captains and the ports to which they sailed:—

‘Defiance’ParsonsTo and from West Indies
EssexWillcomeTo and from West Indies
‘Friendship’JacksonTo and from West Indies
HalifaxStilesTo and from West Indies
PollyBarstowTo and from Holland
DauphinSmithFor France
‘Three Friends’WoodFor France
NeptuneFrazierFor West Indies
‘John’StantonFor West Indies
‘Sally’PaineFor West Indies
‘Friendship’ManchesterFor West Indies
BellaGrinnellFor Holland

Also the sloops Gloriosa, ‘Mercury,’ ‘Boston,’ ‘Speedwell,’ ‘Minerva.’1

The cargoes to the southern states from Massachusetts were largely rum and salt codfish, but to the West Indies they could carry salt beef and pork, vegetables and other provisions, as sugar raising was so profitable there that the inhabitants did little other farming.

This business was of vital importance to the New England colonies, as they produced nothing which could be transported to Europe to pay for the manufactured goods imported, and this triangular trade was necessary, as tobacco and cotton could be taken to Europe from the southern states and sugar from the West Indies. The suppression of this trade was one of the principal causes of the Revolution.

1 Medford Historical Register, January, 1916.

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