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[p. 69] in forty-two days. She is also reported at Rio Janeiro as follows: ‘February 23, 1810, the brig Pedlar, of Boston, last from Sumatra with a full cargo of pepper, called here and sailed ten days since for Europe.’ The brig Pedlar, two hundred and twenty-five tons, was built in 1806 by Thatcher Magoun for Timothy Williams of Boston.

The brig Hope, one hundred and sixty tons, was built at Medford in 1804 at the yard of Thatcher Magoun for Samuel Gray of Salem.

There are several journals of her voyages in the Essex Institute, one a ‘Log of the brig Hope from Salem to Leghorn. Sailed December 4, 1804, and arrived January 21, 1805, with a cargo of pepper.’ The following is an entry while at anchor discharging her cargo at Leghorn, describing a gale, February 1, 1805:—

Swedish bark went adrift and came down. Bent both parts of the Horses [Hawsers] on to the Cables and paid out to the better end and got clear of her.’

There is also a ‘Journal of the Good Brig Hope, Capt. Thomas Tate 1805 from Salem to the West Indies.’

From Salem towards Martinico:—

‘Sept. 2, Monday. At 4 P. M. was boarded by H. M.S. “African” 64 guns and took out one man by the name of Wm. Wood.’

From Martinico she went to Laguayra and from there to Havana. On October 21st,

‘was boarded By french Privateer, they used us very Perlightly and let us go.’

On March 28, 1807, the Hope is reported in distress from St. Petersburg to Salem. They often made a triangular voyage to the Baltic and Russia with French manufactures and wines and brought home Russian hemp, canvas and iron.

Napoleon tried to prevent this Russian trade to complete his continental blockade. In 1810 he demanded

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