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[p. 46] written. In deeds, wills and charters still extant in Norfolk county, England, referring to the direct lineal ancestors of Matthew, we find Cushyng, Cosyn, Cussyen. Before the fourteenth century it was spelled Cusyn— the final ‘g’ does not appear until 500.

The Cushings of Norfolk, England, were entitled to bear arms for many successive generations through the holdings of the manor of Chosly, Hardingham. The arms are found on the tombstone of Lt.Gov. Thomas Cushing, in the Granary burying ground, Boston, dated 1788. The motto, ‘Virtute et Numine’ (by valor and divine aid), is in general use.

William Cushing was born during the fourteenth century. He was either the son or grandson of Galfridus Cushyn of Hardingham, Norfolk county, England, who is mentioned in the subsidy roll for Norfolk in 1327. He added to the original estates of Hardingham the estates of Hingham, and these were inherited by his son Thomas. Son Thomas was born in the latter part of the reign of Richard II, 1377-1399. A deed contains his name, dated 1466.

His son William, eldest son and heir, lived in Hingham, England. His long and explicit will was dated 1492 and was proved in the Bishop's Court in 1493. In ancient deeds he is styled ‘Gentleman.’

William's oldest son, John, also owned properties in Lombard street, London. He is called ‘Gentleman’ in a survey of the manor of Flockshrop in Hardingham. He is mentioned in the subsidy rolls of Henry VIII.

Thomas, second son of John, inherited the homestead.

Peter, son of Thomas, moved to Hingham in 1600 and married Susan Hawes. The parish register begins with his name, and the notation, ‘He was one of the first Cushings to become Protestant.’

Matthew, son of Peter and Susan Hawes, married Nazareth of the famous family of Admiral Pitcher of England. For the first fifty years of his life he lived in Hardingham and Hingham. In 1638, however, he, with

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