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[p. 48]

His son, Matthew, married in 1684 Jael Jacob. He was known as Lieutenant, afterward Captain. He was also a selectman. In his will he left his estate in Hingham to the eldest son, but to son Samuel (my great-grandfather) land in Cohasset; to son Job, money for Harvard; and for daughter Jael, three hundred pounds—she was to be well educated.

Lieutenant-Governor Thomas Cushing was of this family. He was born in 1725, was a friend and coworker with Adams, Otis and Warren, and was made Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts in 1779. Until his death he was a member of the Provincial Congress. He declined a seat in the Continental Congress in 1799.

William Cushing, born in 1732, was Chief Justice in 1777. He was the first to hold office under the free government of the Commonwealth. At the beginning of the Revolution he alone, among the high in office, supported the rights of the Revolutionists. He administered the oath of office to Washington at the beginning of his second term, he being senior justice. He was accompanied on his circuit by Mrs. Cushing, followed by his slave, Prince. He was the last Chief Justice to wear the large wig of England.

Honorable Caleb Cushing, Judge of the Supreme Court, 1852-1857, Attorney General of the United States, was one of the Counsel at the Geneva Congress. He was also Minister to China.

Luther Sterns Cushing was Judge of Common Pleas and author of the Cushing Manual.

The hardy and sturdy Englishmen, to the number of about twenty thousand, who became so disgusted at the unjust treatment from the ruler of the mother country that they left England, established their new homes in a wilderness. Most of them were seized with the colonizing fever between the years 1630 and 1640. According to an order passed by the Massachusetts Bay Company in England in the year 1629, anyone was allowed fifty acres of land wherever he chose it, if he would cross the

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