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[p. 56] he was appointed second mate of the brig Hersilia, bound somewhere about Cape Horn on a sealing voyage. These sealing expeditions were also, at that period, more or less voyages of discovery. For years there had been rumors of a mythical island called Auroras, embellished with romance and mystery by whalers, and described as lying away to the eastward of the Horn. On this voyage the story of how in search of whales, he, like Columbus, discovered a continent (the Antarctic Continent) is told in a history of his life by John Randolph Spears.

On her first voyage the Paul ones in 1843 sailed from Boston for Hong Kong, January 15th, crossed the equator twenty-six days out, was fifty-four days to the Cape of Good Hope, eighty-eight days to Java Head, and arrived at Hong Kong one hundred and eleven days from Boston. In 1848 this ship made the run from Java Head to New York in seventy-six days.1 Later she was used in the ice carrying trade.

Frederick Tudor, after twenty-eight years struggle and experimenting, had built up an ice exporting business. After numerous failures, he had by 1812 built up a small trade with the West Indies. The war wiped him out. After the peace of Ghent he obtained government permission to build ice houses at Kingston and Havana, with a monopoly of the traffic. It began to pay, and between 1817 and 1820 he extended the business to Charleston, Savannah and New Orleans. He extended the business to the Far East later, and the Paul Jones carried the first cargo of ice to China. Tudor first shipped ice from his father's pond in Saugus. Later he had ice houses on several of the large ponds nearby, among them one at Spot Pond. People thought he was mad, and seafaring men thought such a cargo would melt and swamp the vessel. It was with difficulty he could get a crew. Tudor experimented with various material for filling, rice and wheat chaff, hay, tan bark, and even coal dust, until he finally decided on sawdust.

1 Captain Arthur Clark, Clipper Ship Era.

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