[p. 2] of their increased sharpness and comparatively less cargo capacity these vessels would not be commercially practicable. And this would probably have been the case if the discovery of gold in California and the consequent high prices had not made the question of speed of greater importance.

The first vessel built in this part of the country on these ideas was the ‘Game Cock,’ built by Samuel Hall at East Boston in 1850, and the same year James O. Curtis of Medford built the Shooting Star, 900 tons, for Reed and Wade of Boston. She was one of twenty-six ships which made the passage twice from Boston or New York to San Francisco in less than 110 days average time (105 days from Boston and 115 days from New York, average 110 days).

The other Medford ships in this list are the Herald of the Morning, 99 days and 106 days (average 102, days) the Don Quixote, 106 days and 108 days (average 107 days), and the Ringleader, 107 days and 110 days (average 108 1/2 days). Although there was but one Medford ship, the Herald of the Morning, out of the eighteen that made the passage to San Francisco in less than 100 days, yet in proportion to the number built the Medford clipper ships made more fast records than the average. The Herald of the Morning made the trip in 99 days1 from New York. She was designed by Samuel A. Pook of Boston, who also designed the Ocean Telegraph, built by James O. Curtis in 1854. Other famous ships designed by Mr. Pook were the ‘Red Jacket’ and ‘Game Cock.’

Captain Clark mentions twenty-three Medford ships in a list of one hundred and seventy-three extreme type of clipper ships built between 1850 and 1857, and in a record of one hundred and twenty-eight passages made to San Francisco in 110 days or less between 1850 and 1860, from New York or Boston, seventeen were made by thirteen Medford ships as follows:—

1 The record passage was made in 89 days, twice by the ‘Flying Cloud’ and once by the ‘Andrew Jackson.’

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