Cotton Culture abandoned in India.
--Foreign papers contain the following very significant paragraph, showing that after all the protracted efforts to grow cotton in the British Indian
possessions, the attempt has been at length abandoned as hopeless:
‘"In the annual report of the Bombay
Chamber of Commerce a statement announces that the Indian Government
had finally abandoned, as being hopeless failures, their experiments at cotton-growing in that country.--These experiments had commenced as far back as 1789, and were prosecuted almost without intermission during the seventy-two years that have since elapsed.
They had cost, from first to last pound350,000, and, as the report states, had absorbed ' the energies and intelligence of governors, collectors, commissioners, American planters, and painstaking amateurs.' Yet the result of all this prolonged effort and enormous outlay had been nothing but a continued series of disappointments.
One solitary success is recorded as having been achieved, on 'a small scale,' by Mr. Shaw
, collector at Dharwar
, who, taking up the enterprise in 1840, upon an area of only 220 acres, developed the results so rapidly that in 1851 there were 31,688 'kupas' planted with American, and 224,314 with native cotton, and in 1856 the area increased to 156,316 kupas appropriated to the American
, and 230,567 to the native variety of the plant.
It does not appear that Mr. Shaw
was assisted by any Government grant in this work; and, at all events, all direct co-operation of the State
with the cultivation of cotton is now summarily abandoned."’