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From Washington.
[special correspondence of the Dispatch.]

Washington, Jan. 28, 1861
Why this desperate anxiety to keep the barbaric slave-drivers "and the" impoverished land of the South in the Abolition Union Not for love of us. Not for admiration of our social system. Nay, verily. Kettle in his admirable work on ‘"Southern Wealth and Northern Profits,"’ lets the cat out of the bag "The annual load which Southern industry is required to carry approximates $231,500,000. The heavy drain of capital thus created prevents an accumulation at the South, and promotes it as effectively at the North, where every such accumulation accelerates the drain. "He estimates the aggregate amount earned at the South during the last seventy years, and paid into the southern coffers and kept there, at two Thousand seven Hundred and Seventy Millions of dollar "The fishing bounties alone reach $22,944,000, mostly paid to Maine and Massachusetts

This is the reason why the South has always been and always will be, the vassal of the North so long as the Union lasts. This is why the South is perfectly willing for the North to secede and the North bent on civil war rather than permit the South to do the same thing — to govern itself and keep its earning at home. It is our money they are after. Is Virginia willing, is she able, to bear the great burthen of the Government without a of help from the wealthy Cotton States? Let Patrick Henry answer:

‘ "Congress will not reason with you about this competition. They will construe it as they please. They may liberate every one of your slaves.--and this will be done by men, a majority of whom are not a common interest with you. They will therefore have no feeling for your interest.

"In this State there are 236,000 blacks.--and there are few or none in the Northern States. Another thing will contribute to bring this event about-- slavery is detested. Have they not power to provide for the general defence? May they not think that these call for the abolition of slavery?.--May they not pronounce that all slaves are free.--The majority of Congress is to the North and the slaves are to the South. I see A great deal of the property of the People of Virginia in and their peace and Tranquility gone away."

’ Have done then, with these arguments about a collision with the Border Free States. If they won't fight a few slave States, will they fill them all combined? And if we remain in the Union, must we not of necessity be hewers of wood and drawers of water to the abolitionist. If they oppressed us in spite of the Cotton States, will they not oppress us the more now that the Cotton States are gone?

Mr. Tyler was uncertain last night whether he would go home or not. He evidently thinks the President is not acting in good faith.--Scott has the whip hand of the Administration, and is carrying out his strategic military ideas at Pensacola. There will be fighting there before the Brooklyn arrives, I hear. Then Sumter will be assaulted. So war began. The poor old President is scared out of his sense. He says he fears to veto a force all, lest the Northern people burn him in effigy. Indeed, it is known that, since New year's day, his policy has been shaped by cowardice in regard to his property and person.

All the railroad men and the Union delegations from Boston and New York have gone back home in the fix of Bo Peep's sheep.--Neither the President nor the Republicans give them any satisfactory assurance of peace. The truth is, a mighty revolution is being accomplished by the hand of Providence and the best and wisest men are impotent to arrest it.

Pryor has the floor of the House this morning. You may look for nothing but speeches from this time out. It is noticed that Anson Burlingame has not opened his lips this session. Eli Thayer is said to be so disgusted with the Republicans that he has taken a seat in the gallery, and watches the quarreling below in contemptuous silence.

Weather brilliant and mild. Snow fast disappearing. Zed.

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