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From Washington.
[special Correspondence of the Dispatch.]

Washington Jan. 31, 1861.
A lovely morning, and glorious news. Lincoln resolutely, inflexibly holds on to the Chicago platform.Not a jot, not a tittle of it will he abate, though all creation go to wrack. --This we have by telegraph, and I hope sincerely the news went South last night. Virginia has no excuse for remaining in bondage to the Abolitionists. Her submission must be flat, abject, complete. Nor can she hope to obtain any pretext for submission from the Peace Congress which meets here next Monday. The Republicans will have plenty of Commissioners of their own stamp on hand.--to block that game. The people of Virginia may as well make up their minds to back square down to the nigger equality Despot, or to join heart and soul with the South.

The private interview between a distinguished New York member and a no less distinguished Western Senator, which occurred last night, inclines me to the belief that there is something in the wind, probably in the nature ofcoup d'etat when the time for counting the vote of the Electoral College arrives. But the aforesaid Senators will hardly be a party to it.

Scott and Buchanan have had a quarrel because the former can't have his own way about piling company after company of soldiers upon this devoted city. Three hundred are here now, with I know not how many batteries of flying artillery. A camp is to be formed back of the City Hall; workmen are busy all day and all night erecting barracks not far from the President's House; the Capltol is already environed by cannon, and a large force is in possession of the Arsenal. --An oath of fidelity to the Union is being administered to the militia of the District. It is expected that all the clerks will have to take a similar oath, and so we are having a merry time here. In this connection, it may not be amiss to state that however much Gen Scott may love Virginia, he has taken special pains not to visit any of her representatives during his present sojourn in Washington. Heretofore, he has been invariably quite social and intimate with them.

The nomination of Messrs. Randolph, Steger, and Robertson, in your city, and Messrs. Goggin and Kirkpatrick in Lynchburg, gives great satisfaction to Southern men here. But the Tribune says,‘"that patriots like Messrs. Botts, Barbour, Clemens, and Stuart, will have a clear majority of twenty-eight in the Convention."’ Heaven forbid!

I could give the names of a party of traitors, where of ‘"this correspondence"’ was one, who were busily engaged till a late hour last night in sending off the magnificent articles contributed by one ‘"Bland,"’ to the Richmond Ecuminer. Better antidote to the Clemens, Etheridge poison, there is none.

Wealthy and working men of the North are here by scores, trying to hold water in a seive-- in other words, saving the Union--in still other words, crying over spilt milk. But the work of separating the South from the deadly malaria of free society goes steadily on. A higher power has this sublime object in hand. The more men try to stop it, the faster it proceeds.

Rev Edward A. Pollard, author of ‘"Black Diamonds,"’ lectures here on Friday night.--His theme will be ‘"The Soldier of the Cross."’

Zed.

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