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Congressional.

Washington, Feb. 28.
--Senate.--Mr. Crittenden, from the Select Committee, reported the Peace Conference propositions, with the recommendation that they be submitted to the State Legislatures.

Mr. Seward, from the same committee, offered a resolution providing for a National Convention.

Mr. Hale objected to the reception of Mr. Crittenden's report; but the report was received, and made the special order for to-morrow.

The Postal Appropriation bill was debated until Executive session.

House.--Mr. Stanton, of Ohio, addressed the House on the motion to reconsider the vote on yesterday, rejecting the proposition to amend the report of the Committee of Thirty-Three. He declared he would recognize the independence of the Southern Confederacy rather than go to war with them. He thought that the slave States remaining in the Union were of more importance than those that had seceded, and was willing to make a great sacrifice for them. They had stood by the Union nobly, and he considered it no more than just that they should have guarantees from the Republican party. Upon concluding, he demanded the previous question.

Mr. Lovejoy endeavored to make a few remarks, but was silenced by vehement cries of "Order 1" from all parts of the Hall.

The yeas and nays were ordered on the motion to reconsider, resulting: yeas 128, nays 65.

The question then recurred upon the adoption of the amendment to the report, as follows:

Resolved, &c., That the following article be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which, when ratified by three-fourths of said Legislatures, shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the said Constitution:

"Article 12. No amendment shall be made to the Constitution of the United States which will authorize or give to Congress the power to abolish or interfere within any State with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of persons held to service or labor by the laws of said State."

’ The yeas and nays were ordered on the amendment, and resulted — yeas 133, nays 65.

The Speaker then announced that the amendment, having received a two-thirds vote, was adopted.

This was followed by long and loud applause from the floor and galleries.

The following is the report of the committee:

Resolved, That, in the opinion of this Committee, the existing discontents among the Southern people, and the growing hostility among them to the Federal Government, are greatly to be regretted; and that, whether such discontents and hostility are without just cause or not, any reasonable, proper, and constitutional remedies, and additional and more specific and effectual guarantees of their peculiar rights and interests as recognized by the Constitution, necessary to preserve the peace of the country and the perpetuity of the Union, should be promptly and cheerfully granted.

Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all attempts of the parts of the Legislatures of any of the States to obstruct or hinder the recovery or surrender of fugitives from service or labor, are in derogation of the Constitution of the United States, inconsistent with the comity and good neighborhood that should prevail among the several States, and dangerous to the peace of the Union.

Resolved, That the several States be respectfully requested to cause their statutes to be revised, with a view to ascertain if any of them are in conflict with or tend to embarrass or hinder the execution of the laws of the United States, made in pursuance of the second section of the fourth article of the Constitution of the United States, for the delivery up of persons held to labor by the laws of any State, and escaping therefrom; and the Senate and House of Representatives earnestly request that all enactmehts having such tendency be forth with repealed, as required by a just sense of constitutional obligations, and by a due regard for the peace of the republic; and the President of the United States is requested to communicate these resolutions to Governors of the several States, with a request that they will lay the same before the Legislatures thereof respectively.

Resolved, That we recognize slavery as now existing in fifteen of the United States, by the usages and laws of those States; and we recognize no authority, legally or otherwise, outside of the State where it so exists, to interfere with slaves or slavery in such States, in disregard of the rights of their owners or the peace of society.

Resolved, That we recognize the justice and propriety of a faithful execution of the Constitution, and laws made in pursuance thereof, on the subject of fugitive slaves, or fugitives from service or labor; and discountenance all mobs or hindrances to the execution of such laws, and that citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States.

Resolved, That we recognize no such conflicting elements in its composition, or sufficient cause from any source for a dissolution of this Government; that we were not sent here to destroy, but to sustain and harmonize the institutions of the country, and to see that equal justice is done to all parts of the same; and finally, to perpetuate its existence on terms of equality and justice to all the States.

Resolved, That the faithful observance, on the part of all the States, of all their constitutional obligations to each other and to the Federal Government, is essential to the peace of the country.

Resolved, That it is the duty of the Federal Government to enforce the Federal laws, protect the Federal property, and to preserve the Union of these States.

Resolved, That each State be requested to revise its statutes, and, if necessary, so to amend the same as to secure, without legislation by Congress, to citizens of other States traveling therein, the same protection as citizens of such State enjoy; and also to protect the citizens of other States traveling or sojourning therein, against popular violence or illegal summary punishment, without trial in due form of law, for imputed crimes.

Resolved, That each State be also respectfully requested to enact such laws as will prevent and punish any attempt whatever in such State, to recognize or set on foot the lawless invasion of any other State or Territory.

Resolved, That the President be requested to transmit copies of the foregoing resolutions to the Governors of the several States, with a request that they be communicated to their respective Legislatures.

Resolved, That as there are no propositions from any quarter to interfere with slavery in the District of Columbia, or in places under the exclusive jurisdiction of Congress, and situate within the limits of States that permit the holding of slaves, or to interfere with the inter-State slave trade, this Committee does not deem it necessary to take any action on those subjects.

’ The Peace Conference propositions were not mentioned.

A faint effort was made to get up the Force bill, but it was generally discouraged by the Republicans. It is effectually killed.

The House concurred in the several reports of the Committees of Conference on the Appropriation bills.

A committee was appointed to adjust and equitably settle the account against Wm. H. Russell. growing out of the Indian Trust Fund defalcation.

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