The reorganization of Mexico.
Dates from the city of Mexico
are to the 17th ult.
The Constitutional Government continued its work of reorganization with the well-known assiduity of the President
, and so far without serious difficulty.
On the 10th was issued an important circular touching the foreign relations of the Republic
During the last three years of revolution several of the maritime States, and even of the local authorities of individual ports, have found it necessary to enter into independent arrangements with the representatives of foreign Governments for the temporary conduct of necessary business.
The object of the circular is to call attention to this irregular exercise of authority and to reclaim it for the newly-established Federal Government-- By the Constitution
all, treaty-making powers are vested in it, and their exercise by the several States and local authorities, being no longer necessary, are henceforth forbidden.
The arrangements and agreements already entered into will of course remain valid, and probably formally ratified, but in the future all diplomatic questions, reclamations and propositions, must be referred to the General Government
The circular is addressed to the Executives of the several States, to the local authorities of the various ports, to foreign governments, and to all whom it may concern.
Organization of the Federal Army.
From the Ministry of War and Marine, also has issued a circular in regard to the organization of the Federal
Hitherto, though nominally recognizing the central power, the forces of the Constitutional Government
have really been raised, officered, and commanded, for the most part, by the several States.
The proposed reorganization apparently contemplates the formation of a permanent Federal army proper.
A new law, apportioning among the States contributions to the Federal Treasury
, in compensation for the interior duties hereafter to be suppressed, had also been published.
It goes into operation the 1st of March.
The Ministry of Justice has also in special charge the reorganization of the Federal
courts, and a law in reference to jurors in criminal trials had already been prepared and would soon be published.
At the capital, it was reported that the Government
had resolved to appeal directly to the people, not only for the choice by popular vote of a new City Council, but of all minor magistrates — a proposition which found great favor. "Elected by the people, " says the Siglo,
"the tribunals will have the true independence contemplated by the Constitution
, and this independence will be the best guarantee of the good administration of justice."
The papers of the capital record the arrival of a conducts of $300,000 from Queretaro
, and arrangements were in progress for the safe transportation, as formerly, of the products of all the mines to their destination.
In the meantime the law confiscating the property of the Church
, with the regulations which are to govern in its disposition, had been published, and is at once to go into operation.