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From Washington.
special Correspondence of the Dispatch.

Washington March 5, 1861
As seen from the third story of Brown's Hotel, the Rail-splitter's imperial procession was anything else than imposing. The "Union regiment" of citizen soldiery made a wretched show, very like the tawdry and disjointed exhibitions known formerly in Virginia as a big master of the bare-foot militia. The gimstack contraption filled with little girls, was about the only striking object in the whole turn-out, and that was ridiculous. The Republican Association, numbering some two hundred men, cut an extensive figure. Suel a collection of vite faces I never saw. Lincoln sat in an open carriage next to Buchan an, with Senators Pearce and Baker on the front seat. As he passed Brown's, he looked up, but turned his head so quickly that I could not get a good view of him. Surround at by armed men, he felt pretty secure.--Armed men were also stationed on the house tops all along the avenue. All the Federal Artillery were in readiness at their various ports to limber up and pour showers of grap into the crowd in case of disturbance. Of course there was none. I noticed that the negroes were out in large numbers. No wonder that the procession was not greeted with a single hurrah from the time it left Willard's until it reached the Capitol. Thus the Abolition Despot was inaugurated. Thus a free people passed under the yoke of subjection to Fanaticism, clothed with all the authority and armed with all the power of a great Government. The day will be memorable in after years.

You have read the Inaugural. It is war done up in honey — coercion wrapped in brown The imperial condescension of its close is beautiful, the excessive affection of its close is lovely. Submissionists are charmed with it. Like the little book which the Apostle John swallowed, it is sweet to the taste, but it will be bitter as gall by the time it get down. It is worthy of mention, that when be announced his intention to " hold, occupy and possess the property and places belonging to the Government," the people surrounding the stand cheered so enthustastically and up patiently that a long time elapsed before he could go on. Consider his policy settled. He will not begin the way. Oh! no. He will draw the rebels' fire first. Safe in his forts he has the advantage. He will not recognize the Southern Confederacy. Thus he compels the South to go to war, and the sooner it begins the better.

Federalists generally, from both sections, sustain Lincoln in this course. From their point of view, he is right. But from the same point it is evidently his duty to begin the fight The rebels have seized the public property.--They have arms in their hands, and have announced their purpose to maintain their treason at all hazards.

What poltroonery then, to refuse to punish treason promptly. Yet it is wise policy. By placing the Government in the attitude of an assailed party, the Border States are compelled to take sides with Lincoln or become traitors. I suppose you will not find a genuine Union-loving, law-abiding, Convention-worshipping Virginian, who will not rush to arms in behalf of that pure and holy anti-slavery Government which is attacked by the precipitate villains of the South, who have the insolence to take up arms rather than submit to the domination of that wise, cultivated, dignified, and polished martin-pole from Springfield. Why, why on earth cannot the South imitate the courageous patience of Virginia. and sit perfectly still until Seward has noiselessly wound the anaconda folds of the new Union party around their very vitals?

I hear this morning from a good source that Cabinet places have been offered to only three men --Seward, Bates and Cameron. The first two have accepted; the latter is hesitating over the War Department. Mr. John Bell has signified his willingness to take a place, and I think he will get one. The pressure on Lincoln for and against Chase has been so great that on Sunday it is said he burst into tears and exclaimed, "My God! gentlemen, what shall I do?"

How the Inauguration Ball came off I have not heard. Virginia office-seekers are pouring in. A few have resigned. It is windy, dusty, cool. Congressmen have stampeded. Place hunters enough remain to keep the hotels full for the next month or two, until as many beads as can possibly be lopped off without stopping the machinery of the Departments have fallen.

An extra session will be called. So stated, but not from an official source.


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