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Extra session of the U. S. Senate.

Washington, March 18.
--The Douglas resolutions were up, and were advocated by Mr. Breckinridge, and opposed by Mr. Hale.

Mr. Breckinridge in his speech said that the President, in his Inaugural, uses general terms of conciliation; but it becomes us to enquire what kind of peace are we to have, and on what terms it can be maintained. He feared the policy which the President seems proper to pursue must result in bloodshed. He read from the inaugural to show that Lincoln will hold the forts and other property in the Confederate States, &c., to the full extent of his power. A modification of this policy would occur only from inability to execute it. The Administration should address themselves to the issue. The only mode on earth to avoid a collision is for them, with or without the advice and consent of the Senate, to remove all troops from within the borders of the Confederate States. It would be a bold act, but one of a patriot and statesman, which all good men will applaud and justify, and will be heralded from one end of the country to the other as the truest policy to secure peace.--If the President does this, opinions will be various; some may brand him as false and faltering, but the majority will declare him a patriot, who refused to bring on the country the calamities of civil war. The said border States would have their rights, or Kentucky would turn her face towards her Southern sisters.

Mr. Bright presented a joint resolution of the Indiana Legislature, praying Congress to call a National Convention.

The Senate then went into Executive session, during which Charles Francis Adams, of Massachusetts, was nominated Minister to England; Mr. Dayton, of New Jersey, Minister to France; Mr. Marsh, of Vermont, Minister to Sardinia; J. Watson Webb, of New York, Minister to Turkey. The nomination of Mr. Dayton was confirmed.

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