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The Washington rifle.

--This is a new breech-loading rifle, invented in this city, by S. Herries De Bow, a practical mining and mechanical engineer, well known to our people from his efforts in the development of the mineral wealth of the State. It is made at the "Washington Burge foundry" of Wm. I. Hubard. Esq., in the suburb of Sidney, and, from this circumstance, has been named in honor of him who was the first in war, as well as the first in peace.

There are many claims to novelty and originality in this invention, and apparent advantages not combined in any of the numerous fire-arms of the kind now before the public — chief among them are its extreme simplicity and cheapness of construction. While it can be loaded and discharged as rapidly as the best of our breech-loading arms — and under protracted use, perhaps faster — and while its force of fire and accuracy of range cannot be excelled, it can also be constructed as cheap as the common rifle or musket.

Another important advantage, not presented by any other arms using common paper cartridges, is its reliability in any emergency, since it cannot be affected by water. The charge cannot be damaged by rain or any inclemency of weather; while the rifle can be loaded in any position — advancing or retreating, lying flat on the ground, or during the swiftest movements on horseback, or in daylight or dark. The cartridge itself contains the igniting principle, and all the elements of the explosive material — powder and percussion — all exerted effectively on the projectile, and from the mode in which the powder is packed and ignited, no recoil is produced, and the bursting of the rifle is impossible; in this fact a scientific principle is developed long sought after in fire-arms. Several of these rifles have been subjected to severe trials at long ranges, and under severe tests, and have invariably proved equal to any emergency.

We notice this invention with much satisfaction, as a Richmond production, and would call the attention of our military authorities to an investigation of its claims, particularly for the cavalry service. Though our experienced military men decide in favor of the muzzle-loader, for the rank and file, we submit that it is only necessary to produce a perfect and reliable breech-loader to supercede them entirely.

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William I. Hubard (1)
S. Herries De Bow (1)
Washington Burge (1)
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