--Dr. Geo. W. Carter
of Soule University in Texas
, (formerly of Virginia
,) addressed a large concourse of citizens on the vexed questions which at present interest the public at the African Church, at 7 ½ o'clock last night.
The conceded ability of the orator prevents any comments on the manner of disposing of his theme.
He said that his excuse for appearing on the political forum would exonerate him in the eyes of Southern auditors.
He stated and vindicated the views of those who held secession to be our only remedy for intolerable grievances.--He held that it was a conservative remedy for our wrongs, rendered expedient by the unfriendly tendencies of our Northern allies, their assumption of power, and a radical difference in sentiment, which rendered harmony and brotherly union impossible.--By secession, the now determined foes of our domestic institutions would be converted into conservative allies.
It was our right to cut our Northern brethren adrift from the conceit that they had any hand in the regulation of our domestic concerns.--It was the direst resort of revolution, to make our four millions of negroes the equals of the white man. The means by which the North
sought to accomplish it were not feasible.--The end which they would accomplish would ruin us — the means revolutionize us. The right of secession was inherent to sovereignty.
By secession we sustain our legal rights, and maintain the local authority, which is their guaranty.
Secession appertained to us, a community of sovereigns.
It was a legal remedy.
When it was accomplished the Southern Confederacy will have, in a pre-eminent degree, all the elements of greatness.
The monopolies of the North
were artificial — they did not raise all their people needed — their exclusive privileges were perishable.
The secession of the Southern States
would produce only temporary inconvenience to our people — no fundamental change could occur without this result, we had all the elements of unbounded prosperity — a chance of getting their best men, besides more territory.--A contrast favorable to Southern advantages was presented.
A ‘"Border Confederacy"’ was deprecated.
There was no conflict of interest between the Border and Cotton States.
The slave trade had been prohibited by the Constitution
of the Confederate States
The Southern States could harmonize together.--The Creator had made the negro inferior to the white man — he had made a place and created him to fill it. At the South
, white men were on an equality with each other; not so at the North
When an inferior race comes in contact with a superior race, there are only three solutions of the problem of government: amalgamation, extermination, or subordination — all of which had found an illustration in this continent.
, the Spaniards and Indians amalgamated,--the hybrid race have neither the sense of one parent nor the vigor of the other.
In our country, Indian extermination has been the rule.
With the negroes, subordination is the policy,--and admirably has it worked for all concerned.
This relation the North
seeks to overthrow; but by all that is dear to us, we are resolved that it shall not be done, and that we will neither kill nor marry.
There was no earthly probability that the status would be destroyed.--Society at the North
would terminate in anarchy or monarchy — it was tending to agrarianism now. The people of the North
were becoming foreignized.
At the South
it is different.
We have a fair proportion of Irish, German and French, and they are among our best citizens, and fully understand this view of the question, and do not wish our naturalization laws changed any more than we do.--The prospect of obtaining our rights by guarantees or concessions, was small.
Union men now looked upon it as hopeless.
Each recurring day strengthened fanaticism.
The sentiment against us was powerful — we could not hope to overcome it. There was not going to be any fighting.
The South was ready, but the North
was loath to engage in an undertaking that promised such unfavorable results in money and glory.
In advocating the duty of secession, incumbent on the representatives of the State
, he earnestly appealed to Virginians
to rally at once to the side of their brethren of the South
, and assist them in laying the foundations of an empire which held out such unexampled promise of prosperity and happiness.
The Southern people are your children — your descendants.
They love you — long for you — wait for you — desire you as their leader. --They know you will come, must come — but they are anxious for you to come at once.
For themselves, their course is taken.
The oration was greeted with enthusiastic plaudits.