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Correspondence of the Richmond Dispatch.
Affaire in Petersburg.


Petersburg, Va., April 4, 1861.
The weather continues to be chilly and very uncomfortable, rendering an overcoat quite necessary. I learn from various gentlemen, recently from the country, that the fruit has been almost entirely destroyed in all the neighboring counties; that is, the peach crop, and, to a great extent, the apples. It is, indeed, an unusual occurrence to have peaches two years in succession, but the flowering of the apple is later, and it is generally exempt from injury by frost.

The South-Side Railroad Company are raising some handsome improvements on the Chesterfield side of the river. A spacious and imposing brick building has been constructed in addition to their already large foundry.--The company works a large force sufficient to keep the rolling stock of the road in complete order.

An appropriation of $1,500 was made by the Council at its last meeting for arming the Isafayette Guards, Capt. Jarvis. This, in addition to the appropriations previously made, makes an aggregate of $6,500 for the military of the city. In no place, perhaps, is the regular training of the companies conducted with greater activity than in Petersburg.

Another lot of shells passed through here yesterday, destined for Charleston, amounting to 11,500 lbs, in weight.

The Mayor's Court has been quiet for a day or two past. Only a few negroes have been before his Honor for disorderly conduct and drunkenness, all of whom were properly punished.

Mon CŒur.

Petersburg, April 5, 1861.
The news received per telegraph to-day, regarding the operations of the Lincoln Administration, has aroused our whole population to the highest pitch of excitement. I do not remember to have seen, since the commencement of our present difficulties, even an approach to such an expression of feeling, and such wild commotion. The late quiet and apparently peaceful interval was successful in allaying, at least to a great extent, the fears and suspicions of our citizens relative to the acts and intentions of the treacherous rascals at Washington, and on this account, notwithstanding the universal expectation and almost certain knowledge of an approaching crisis, the people of Petersburg were completely surprised — nonplussed, if I may use the expression — dumfounded and confounded, too. Of course there are exceptions to all rules, this one included; for there are a few here, surprising as it may appear, known as extreme Union men, who, still confiding and incredulous, doubt the truth of these dispatches, and charge their origin to Secessionists, whose motive they believe to be to influence the people of Virginia, and through them the Convention. I really suspect that persons of this class of opinion, who carry their incredulity to such an extent, would not, even though the embattled hosts of North and South should meet in bloody battle, lose faith in the peaceful professions of the demagogues at Washington. But the crisis is upon us, and soon we shall see what we shall see.

I saw a letter, received this day from a distinguished citizen of Memphis, Tenn., formerly of Virginia, which gives glowing accounts of the rapid progress the cause of the South is making in that State. The writer states that changes which have taken place in the political sentiments of the people there, are almost incredible. He predicts the complete overthrow and utter annihilation of the Union party in the coming elections, and adds that Western Tennessee is ‘"heart and soul"’ for the Southern Confederacy.

Dr. Wm. H. I' Anson, late of the Daily Bulletin, of this city, left to-day for Charleston, where he contemplates taking up his residence. Several other well-known citizens are also on the eye of departure for the same destination.

An amusing diversion occurred to-day, during the excitement. Some wag posted, in a conspicuous place, and in prominent characters, what purported to be a dispatch from Texas, stating that Miramon had invaded that State with 10,000 men. It served a good purpose by creating a vast deal of merriment.

Mon CŒur.

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