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The Weather, yesterday, was rainy and disagreeable, and business generally in the city, of all sorts and descriptions, rather inactive in consequence. James River, at this point, has within the past two days risen six or eight feet. The water continued to rise yesterday. Mayo's island, at the south of the toll-bridge, was nearly covered, though we believe none of the lumber owned by Messrs. John & George Gibson, who have a saw-mill thereon, was lost, owing to timely precautionary measures. Sundry animals were drowned. One cow, alive and kicking, floated past Mayo's bridge about twelve o'clock, evidently an unwilling voyageur, though unable to extricate itself from surrounding difficulties. The wharves at Rocketts were submerged, though no particular damage was done, save that which was consequent on the introduction of the surplus fluid, which blocked up the streets and impeded locomotion. Extra moorings were required by some of the vessels at the wharves, to prevent the flood carrying them off. A large quantity of drift-wood was floated off from the "low grounds" bordering on James river above and below this city. Shockoe Creek was surging and boiling in an unusual manner. Some of the cellars in the lower part of the city were filled with water, and goods damaged. The water was not so high, however, as it was five years since. Vauxhall is still above ground.

The water was at its greatest height yesterday evening, when a large proportion of Rocketts was overflowed, the tide making up to the rear of Col. Haskins' store. The inconvenience experienced by citizens residing in that part of the city was much increased by the heavy volume of water forced back by the inflowing tide. A woman and two small children, who were in one of the house, which was fast being filled with water, made a very narrow escape from drowning in endeavoring to reach terra firma. The stout arms and willing hearts of a number of their neighbors saved them from a watery grave.

We learn that the Central Railroad has sustained serious injury — so much so that the mails will not leave by that route for several days to come — the earth has been washed very badly in sundry places along its line of travel. We have already noted the injury sustained by the Fredericksburg Road, and have only to add that its officers have as yet been unable to determine its extent.

Many farmers complain that the water has destroyed their crops by overflowing their lands, besides carrying away bridges, mills, dams, drowning cattle, &c.

The Chickahominy bridge has been washed away, and the freshet is higher at the "swamp" than has been known to be the case for 40 years. The turnpike low- grounds, and all places capable of retaining water, are overflowed.

A friend, writing from Henrico county, under date of yesterday, says:

‘ The rain, since Saturday, has suspended all farming operations; no corn has been planted, and the flat land wheat is all submerged several feet.--Such a fall of water in this section as not been known since 'Gabriel's Insurrection,'which happened in the year 1800. A gentleman who was one of the Richmond troop at that time, and who stood guard on the hill at the Brook Bridge on that memorable night, informed me that the entire Brook stream covered the whole flat from hill to hill, some three-quarters of a mile wide. The same flat is now covered with water as then. I have known the waters so high as now."

’ We have learned since the above was written that the strong stone abutment bridge built over the stream crossing Bacon Quarter Branch has been washed away, or so undermined as to render it unfit for use when the waters shall have retired.

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