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From Washington.
Maryland and the District made a military Department

Volunteers mustered into the U. S. Service — more Federal troops for the Capital, &c.

Washington, April 10.
--The day has been one of great excitement in local circles. Ten companies of our volunteers were called out this morning for inspection and to be mustered into the Federal service for a temporary period. The Government keeps its own secrets, but this movement, it is believed, is for the purpose of forming a strong military guard for the protection of the public buildings and archives.--The companies were inspected at their respective quarters, and the volunteers mustered into service were required to take the test oath in addition to the usual military one, merely to obey the orders of the President of the United States. Many refused to take the oath, though willing to take that usually prescribed. A majority of the company called the "National Rifles"declined to take it, and it is thought the company will be disbanded.

It is reported in intelligent quarters that one or more companies of Federal troops have been ordered here from the North, and are shortly to arrive.

Great diversity of sentiment on the National crisis begins to manifest itself here, and sectional feeling is becoming strongly developed. The city is now like a military encampment, and the tramping of Infantry and rumbling of Artillery are so common as to excite no particular attention, even among the children.

General orders have been issued making a new military department of the District of Columbia and Maryland, and Col. C. F. Smith is appointed Commandant, and Lieut. Talbot Adjutant.

All the volunteer companies mustered into service to-day are at their respective armories to-night, but public quarters and rations will be provided for them at the earliest moment.

Capt. Sherman's company of Light Artillery, and two companies of Federal Cavalry are expected here to-day. The Cavalry companies will purchase horses here.

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