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The gathering of the war Cloud in Europe.

Our own sad condition, engaged in a civil war, of which no man can predict the result, has led the people of this country to overlook the progress of affairs in Europe, from whence the mutterings of a dreadful contest, soon to commence, come to us by every arrival. The Paris correspondent of the Boston Traveller writes, under date of the 11th inst., as follows:

‘ Whether it be the 1st of April which casts its ludicrous shadow upon us, or that we feel the quivering which forerun the earthquake, certain it is the political atmosphere was never more agitated than it is now by all manner of alarming rumors; some long faces vow Russia and France entered into a secret treaty for the partition of Turkey — a poor country, which is certainly in a most deplorable condition — on the 13th of March last; other faces, no ways shorter, whisper mysteriously of negotiations between Russia, Austria, Italy and France for the dismemberment of Turkey, for the extension of French territory to the Rhine, for the destruction of Belgium, for the obliteration of all the minor powers of Germany under Prussia, to whom Austria would concede its German provinces, and surrender its Italian provinces to Italy, receiving in exchange the Roumain and Slave Provinces on the Lower Danube, which consolidated with Hungary, Bohemia, &c., would make it a powerful and united Slavonic Power of the first magnitude, while Prussia, rewarded by Holland, the Hanseatic towns, all the minor kingdoms, principalities and powers of Germany, would relinquish its Polish provinces; Russia rewarded by Greece and Constantinople, would imitate Prussia's example, and the Kingdom of Poland would be reconstituted.

England would be driven from the Mediterranean, and the Continent would attempt to ruin her. You may rest assured some such scheme is on foot. Louis Napoleon is everting every influence intrigue and corruption can bring into play against England. Mons. Mores, the poor banker's arrest, was chiefly due to his active exertions to sustain Turkey, and thereby counteract these designs. Frenchmen here insist that Austria is, or soon will be, obliged to make its election between being the monarch of German dynasty in an Empire where the Germans are in a minority, or the monarch of a Slavonic dynasty well consolidated and consequently powerful. It is asserted here upon excellent authority that the French Ambassador at Vienna has offered to the Austrian Government to surrender Venetia to Vittore Emmanuele and gain a close alliance with Italy and France against the Hungarians and other discontented provincials within its borders, together with territory on the Adriatic and the Lower Danube. Rumors of changes in the Cabinet are still current, (nobody believes what the Moniteur says;) the most accredited place Mons. Baroche as Minister of the Interior, Mons. Rouher taking his places as Minister without a port-folio and President of the Council of State; while Mons de Persigny becomes Minister of Foreign Affairs in place of Mons. Thouvenel, sent to Constantinople or to St. Petersburg, while Mons. Fould becomes Minister of Finance and negotiates the loan of $200,000,000 or $300,000,000.

But the war rumors are most numerous, and if they are to be believed, Marshal McMahon has been summoned to Paris by telegraph, and has had a long conference with Louis Napoleon. There has been a long council at which all the marshals were present, at the Tuileries. The Lyons camp is to receive reinforcements. The Cabinet of Turin had requested Louis Napoleon to send a garrison to Ancona. Four men-of-war are victualling at Toulon, and are immediately to be sent to the Syrian coast. The reason Louis Napoleon removed the ashes of Napoleon early in April, instead of waiting for the 5th of May, is, he knows that by the 5th of May all his time and attention will be absorbed by the gravest cares. Everybody in Paris believes war at hand — inevitable — and this a great European war. The last letters received from Rome represent the Pope as contemplating a departure from the Eternal City. He has already sent his most valuable pontifical ornaments, relics, and the costly presents made him by sovereigns, carefully packed in boxes, to Spain. The Cardinals are expecting to be forced to a general flight; a French bishop has received a letter from a cardinal, in which the latter says: ‘"The situation of affairs grows worse daily, and I foresee new misfortunes, which will force us to leave Rome; perhaps I shall be glad to find with you a refuge from the tempest. Several of the cardinals think of retiring to the south of France or to Nice, for as that town no longer belongs to Piedmont, we may reside there with something like security."’

The French Government makes its soldiers take long marches every day, and they carry with them several days' provisions; this is to inure them to war's fatigues. It is said Louis Napoleon has invented a new musket, which will carry a ball three thousand yards, and pierce the thickest obstacles; its barrel is said to be very short and the stock very thick.--Russia is said to be endeavoring to secure a basis of operations against English India, at Samarkand. Louis Napoleon has written a severe letter to Prince Murat, touching the latter's obstinate pretensions to the Neapolitan throne. Louis Napoleon warns him that if he persists there will be a rupture between them. The French Minister of Public Works was not present at the recent opening of the bridge across the Rhine at Kehi; a sign of war, for it was Louis Napoleon who forbade his appearance; and contrary to all usage no decorations were distributed to the German engineers. The French Government has issued $60,000,000 of treasury bonds; its floating debt is now at the least $300,000,000. It is said 8,400 Savoyards have elected to remain Italians, notwithstanding the annexation of Savoy to France.

There is a petty quarrel between the elector of Hesse and Louis Napoleon, which shows the tendency of the present French Government to keep alive disputes. The diplomatic representative of Hesse has been appointed to another post, but he cannot obtain an audience of leave, because Louis Napoleon refuses to receive the letters of recall unless the elector of Hesse signs the letter of recall ‘"Your servant,"’ which the latter properly refuses. German newspapers engage Hesse to recall its representative without the formality of an audience of leave. They confess it will be a diplomatic rupture, but they say that in the present confusion which reigns in Europe, this will produce no disagreeable consequences.

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