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Latest News by mail.

The papers received last evening brought very little news from Washington, though the following items possess some interest :

General Scott forwarded dispatches to General Butler, Saturday, at Annapolis, placing the Massachusetts Sixth Regiment and other troops at his command, and giving him three days to take possession of the Relay House at the Junction of the Baltimore and Ohio, and Baltimore and Washington railways nine miles from Baltimore and thirty from Washington. General Butler responded, and informed General Scott that he would have religious services on the ground to- day. The Sixth Regiment (Massachusetts) went up early this (Sunday) morning. This movement is made to co-operate with the Pennsylvania troops now advancing upon Baltimore on the other side.

The Government have taken possession of the railway between Washington and Annapolis, relaid the rails, increased the number of engines and cars, and put the road in efficient condition. Mails and passengers are carried regularly, and connections are complete through to Philadelphia, New York and Boston.

There are 350 marines here, besides over a hundred more who are used to man the steamers engaged in cruising up and down the Potomac. A recruiting rendezvous has been opened on Seventh street, opposite Centre Market.

The guard on the Long Bridge have suffered during the past few cold nights. Forty members of the National Rifles were out the other night, and kept guard while the frost gathered around them. Rather severe for editors, reporters, correspondents and publishers.

The Washington Chronicle says :--‘"The reports in respect to the resignation of General Harney are untrue. That gallant officer has tendered his services to the Government in any capacity in which he can be useful, and has written a letter to Col. O Fallen, of St. Louis, declaring his resolution to devote his efforts to the support of the Federal Government."’

The following, from the Baltimore American, of Saturday, will interest the mercantile community ;

According to advertisement, the fine steamer George Peabody, under the command of Capt. George Pritchard, left this port yesterday afternoon for New York. A part of the freight consisted of five hundred bales of cotton, and one hundred and fifty hogsheads of tobacco.-- There was also several large invoices of goods shipped from Northern ports for the South, which, under existing circumstances, it was deemed prudent to re-ship back. It is likely that the Peabody will continue making regular trips between the two ports, as the Government will not permit the boats of the line to pass up the James river for Richmond : besides, nearly all the boats which formerly plied between Baltimore and New York have been pressed into the service of the United States Government.

The Northern papers contain nothing but war news and bloody editorials the substance of which is generally anticipated by telegraph. The following are among the latest items from that direction:

The Governor of Kentucky, a few days ago, invited the Governors of Indiana and Ohio to meet him in Cincinnati, and join him in an effort at mediation, suggesting that the border free and slave States should endeavor, by one last effort to save the country. To these overtures the Governor of Indiana has replied, refusing to enter into the proposed mediation, and declaring that the controversy must be left to the General Government, whose course he approves.

A story has been going the rounds for several days, without any apparent paternity, to the effect that an armistice had been agreed upon for sixty days, between the authorities at Washington and the Secession leaders in Virginia — it having been asked by the former. A note from the Assistant Secretary of State to Simeon Draper, of New York, pronounces it a hoax.

The Rev. John Pierpont, of Medford, Mass., has tendered his services to Gov. Andre was Chaplain to one of the Massachusetts regiments. In his letter he says: ‘ "If, sir, this my proffer of service is accepted by your Excellency, I have only one stipulation to make in connection with it, namely, this : that on our way to Washington we are not to go around Baltimore."’

Ex-President Fillmore has been elected Captain of the Home Guards of Buffalo, composed of the retired commissioned officers of the State militia.

A Boston sculptor has offered to make a statute in marble of the member of the Utica corps who will ‘"bag"’ Wigiall or Jeff. Davis.

Mayor Wentworth, of Chicago, telegraphed the Governor General of Canada, a few days ago, desiring to purchase arms, and received a reply that Canada would sell none, but would lend him 27,000.

An organization called the ‘"Pony Guard,"’ has been started in Philadelphia, no member of which is to be over five feet six inches in height.

The demand for army cloth is so great that the mills of the Middlesex Company at Lowell, Mass., were run on Sunday last.

A company of French socialists is being formed in New York, whose services are to be offered to the Government at Washington.

An outrage was committed on Chesapeake Bay last Thursday, which justly excited the indignation of the people of Baltimore. It appears that an attempt was made by the United States Government steamer to sink the steamer Baltimore, on her way in from Havana, which, if it had proved successful. would have involved the deaths of some forty persons. The Sun says :

‘ On the ocean she suffered no interruption, but on Thursday, soon after entering the capes, an effort was made to sink her without the usual warning. Captain Colbert noticed a large steamer, but supposed it to be one of the Baltimore and Boston line, and the vessel having nothing of the appearance of a war vessel, pursued his course up the bay. When within a short distance of the large steamer, the latter, without firing a gun, suddenly changed her course, and ran directly towards the Baltimore, with the evident intention to strike her amidships. Then Capt. C. observed her pennant, and that she had troops on board. He immediately had the engine stopped and ordered up his signal, to avoid a collision, and the B. was struck near the bow, injuring her to the amount of three or four thousand dollars. The commander of the Quaker City abruptly ordered Captain Colbert on board his vessel, and inquired where he was from, whither bound, and what his cargo consisted of. The following is the statement of Captain Colbert, which will give an idea of the conduct of the commander of the Quaker City :

’ "Soon after passing Cape Henry, on the 2d instant, while bound up the bay, I observed a large steamer on the port side. which I supposed was one of the Baltimore and Boston line. Being perfectly unaware of the state of affairs here, and the appearance of the steamer being anything but that of a man-of-war, together with the fact that no gun was fired as a signal to heave to, I continued my course.--When within a short distance of the Baltimore, the large steamer suddenly changed her course and stood directly for us, evidently with the intention of striking the B amiship and sinking her. The engine of the Baltimore was immediately stopped, but too late to avoid a collision, which considerably injured the bow of the B. As soon as the steamer turned to run into us I saw, for the first time, her pennant, and at once ordered our signal to be hoisted. The steamer proved to be the Quaker City, chartered by the U. S. Government. The captain of the Quaker City, after the collision, abruptly ordered me on board his vessel. On meeting him he said to me, ‘"It is well you hoisted your signal when you did, or I would have sunk you. "’ When it is considered that the Baltimore was not signalled nor hailed, and that there were several passengers on board, and among them several ladies, it was, to say the least of it, very reprehensible conduct on the part of the commander of the Quaker City.

The Nashville Gazette thus explains how the arms were landed at Paducah, Kentucky :

The steamer Julius H. Smith landed a lot of arms at Paduch a few days ago, giving the Cairoites the slip. On leaving St. Louis the commander-in-chief at Cairo was telegraphed of the fact, and the steamer Swallow was dispatched to bring in the craft, but the Julius H. Smith, a little stern-wheeler, managed to get in behind the bushes, and waiting a chance gave the Swallow the slip, the latter afterwards following her for a distance of twenty miles, without being able to overtake her.

We begin to think there is some humbug in the statements of the Northern papers about the eagerness of the Yankees to get into a fight. A letter from Norwich, Vt., (where a military institution is located,) says the Republicans are full of talk, and boast loudly of forces going to wipe out the South, yet the writer had not seen one of them tender his services as a soldier. The letter proceeds :

"It is hard raising troops here. With all the excitement and extra offers of pay, and support of families, and giving in rents, &c., they will be able to get a good many from the cities and manufacturing towns, because there is nothing doing there, and they think they must fight or starve.--I do not believe such troops will be found very formidable, when met by men fighting for their homes, property and families. Today our streets have been filled with rumors that Jeff. Davis had taken Washington, and had got ‘"Old Abe"’ as a prisoner of war. I hope it will prove true, for then I hope we may have peace, and a Government that will give equal rights to all sections of our once glorious Union. I am glad to see Tennessee erotising, Virginia out, and other Southern States refusing to aid Lincoln. This is as I predicted long ago, It ought to have been long ago, and then war would have been stayed a while at least, ‘" but better late than never."’

The Mobile News publishes a letter from Pensacola, dated April 30th, giving an account

of the adventures of two men who deserted from Fort Pickens. We copy a portion of the letter :

They say many wish to desert, and only await an opportunity; that the officers are very suspicious, and watch every movement of soldiers and sailors. They work day and night on the Fort, and in constructing batteries on different points of the Island. There are nine hundred and sixty-five men on duty ashore. Col. Brown is using every exertion to make his position impregnable. They have horses and two field batteries. wagons to carry provisions and munitions to and fro, and all the necessary camp equipage. They have some thirty Negroes on the Island at work; they were taken from their owners at Key West by force.

The fellow who went over to Santa Rosa last Thursday night from this place — an account of which I sent you at the time — has ‘"turned up."’ He was arrested and sent aboard the sloop-of-war Sabine. He told them he was connected with a New York paper, acting in the capacity of a Southern correspondent, and desired to be sent to that city. No confidence was placed in his story, and he was immediately ironed, and so remains. We get this from the Pickens deserters. Slemmer knew this last Saturday when I was at Fort Pickens, as he evaded an answer to the question whether any one had been arrested on the Island since Thursday.

The Neafle this morning brought up from the Navy-Yard four large cannon, to be placed in battery on the east side of Pensacola city, and the boys of Major Bradford's command are amusing themselves hauling them through the sand. This is styled the ‘"Ladies' Battery, "’ and Uncle Sam will meet a warm reception, come when he may.

Mr. James Lingan and Miss Kate McFarland, of New Orleans, were married this morning in the Episcopal Church. ‘"None but the brave deserve the fair."’ The young soldier and his handsome bride have just passed. The lady is a sister-in-law of Judge Walker, of the N. O. Delta, who is here as one of the Louisiana Volunteers. The devoted lady-love of the gallant volunteer was determined to have the privilege of binding her soldier's wounds, should he unfortunately receive them.

The Texas correspondent of the New Or-leans Picayune, in a letter dated Indianola, April 24, gives the following account of the capture of Col. Sibley's command of U. S. troops, by the Confederate forces under Col. Van Dorn :

On Tuesday, the 23d, the U. S. troops embarked on board two schooners, which were towed down the bay to the Pass by the steamer Fashion, where they anchored, and the Fashion returned to Indianola with a guard of about 50 men to see if another vessel could not be procured, since the troops were too much crowded on the once they had.

Instead of finishing his business and returning to the Pass that evening with the Fashion, in order to be in readiness to low the vessels over the bar the next morning, the officer in command had, to use a frontier expression more significant than refined, to get tight and quarried with the Captain of the steamer, and kick up a muss generally, so that all the officers of the steamer went on shore, and left the Valliant Captain alone in his glory. Alark the consequences! Early the next morning, before the Captain had taken his coffee, or had time to relict upon the folly of his conduct the previous night, Major Van Dorn knocked at his door and politely requested the loan of his sword, and then inviting his companions in arms to breakfast at the Cassimir House, (which for the nonce was turned into a guard house,) quietly took possession of the Fashion for his own followers ; and chartering two other steamers, which he filled with Confederate troops, proceeded down the bay to report to the commanding officer, Major Sibley, the backslidings of his trusty Lieutenant.

The armada fitted out by Col. Van Dorn to intercept and capture the fugitive troops, consisted of the steamers Fashion, propeller Mobile, and United States, with about 800 men on board, collected from the surrounding counties. Breastworks of cotton bales (cotton, you see, is always king,) were constructed around the sides of the vessels, to protect the men from the deadly rifles of the United States troops. Cannon were on the way from San Antonio and Matagorda, but did not arrive in time. Against such a formidable force, judiciously disposed, upon steamers that could choose their own position, Major Sibtey had no showing whatever; for there he was, cooped up on board of two schooners lying at anchor, his command reduced to about 400 men by desertion and capture, with not a single piece of cannon to defend himself. The only alternative was to surrender, which he did the next day at 12 o'clock. The surrender was unconditional. In the afternoon the steamship Gen. Rusk, which had been seized by the Confederate authorities at Galveston, arrived with a twenty-four pounder and two six-pounders, and 150 men.

List of Officers and Troops on Board of the Vessels with Maj. Sibley.--Companies A, F, and i, 3d infantry, Lieut. Hopkins and lady; companies G and K, 1st Infantry, Capt. Wallace, Granger, Lt. Green, Adit Phillips, and Band 1st Infantry; A and D, 8th Infantry, Capt. Jordan, Asst. Surgeons Lynde and Burns. In all, 450 men.

Seven companies of the 8th Infantry are on the way to the coast. They will be intercepted and disarmed.

Officers not with Maj. Sibley on the vessels arrested and on parole : Col. Waite and staff, Col Morris, Adjt. Nichols, Maj. Vinton, Lt. Gerrard, Surgeon Abadie, Asst. Surgoon G. R. Smith, Col. Roffman Maj Sprague, Maj McCline,Capt. Lee,Capt. Bowman, Lt. Wipple, Maj. Cunningham, Lt. Whistier, Lt.Hunter.

Officers Resigned --Maj. Larkin Smith, Capt. Blair,Capt. Reynolds, Capt. Trevett, Lt. Cone, Lt. M. L. Davis, Haskell, Walter Jones, Dr. Anderson, Lt. Jas. Major, Lt. Washington.

The capture and resignation of these officers will deprive the Department at Washington of the services of about thirty five of the most efficient men in the service, and cripple its power to do us mischief.

The terms of the surrender are that all the arms and company property are to be turned over to the Confederate authorities. Private property to be respected. Officers to be released on parole. Men to elect whether they will join the Confederate Army or to return to the North. Those who prefer the latter to take oath not to serve against the Southern Confederacy during the war.

With regard to the secession of Tennessee, the Memphis Bulletin says :

‘ The Legislature of Tennessee will doubtless hold a brief session, adjourning probably within ten days. The Ordinance of Secession, or Declaration of Independence, will be submitted to the people, and not a vote will be polled against it in this city and county.--An offensive and defensive alliance will be consummated with the Confederate States through their representative, Mr. Hilliard, to continue till a union can be effected; or if this be not desired at present, there is an indissoluble union in any event, created by the policy of the Federal Administration. The insults, indignities and outrages to Tennessee must be avenged.

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