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Latest from the North.
the war Movements.

Richmond Prize Vessels — Further from Alexandria — Arrests in Washington — Naval Movements — The Landing of Troops at Newport News--Burial of Ellsworth, &c.

We are this morning enabled to present our readers with the very latest Northern news, not with standing the blockade and other obstructions thrown in the way of communicating with that section:

Seizure of Vessels.

The schooner Crenshaw, Captain Winter, from Richmond, another prize from the Chesapeake blockading squadron, arrived at New York on Monday in charge of Lieut. Hunter, of the steam frigate Minnesota. She was laden with $75,000 worth of tobacco, and was taken in Hampton Roads while attempting to run the blockade. The schooner Haxall, Capt. Morse, from Richmond, bound to Baltimore, with about $75,000 worth of tobacco, has also arrived at New York as a prize.

Forty-four river boats are laid up at Cincinnati, having no cargoes since the promulgation of Secretary Chase's order to establish a land blockade.

Further Details from Alexandria.

Everything appears to be comparatively quiet at Alexandria, Va. We make the subjoined extracts from the Washington Star of Tuesday evening:

A Commander for the Advancing column.

Brigadier-General McDowell has been duly charged with the command of the division of the forces of the United States recently thrown across the Potomac from this point. We infer, from his selection for this command that it is the purpose of the Commander-in-Chief to push field operations with that column with great vigor, to the present end of cutting off the retreat of the forces now at Harper's Ferry, and preventing their reinforcement, either of which can be effected only by passing down the Manassas railroad to the junction, a point within fifteen or sixteen miles from the most advanced positions at present visited by the scouting parties connected with General McDowell's command, and upon which it seems to be proposed to advance a considerable portion of the army with as little delay as possible.

Gen. Mansfield.

This officer is retained in command of the military department of Washington, which is regarded by the officers of the service now in Washington city as a clear indication of the department's determination that his services are required in commanding in person the column that will not long hence close down on Harper's Ferry, from this side of the Potomac.

Strengthening the column.

Additional troops are being daily dispatched across the river from this point, and it is understood as fast as the ten additional regiments expected to arrive here very shortly, reach Washington, the troops now here will be sent over by regiments.

The Seventy-first New York Regiment left their quarters at the Washington Navy-Yard at 2 o'clock this morning, upon steamers for Alexandria, where they now form part of Gen. McDowell's command.

The Northeastern Virginia military Department.

The boundaries of the military department to the command of which General Irwin McDowell has been assigned, comprises all that part of Virginia east of the Alleghany mountains and north of James river, except Fort Monroe, and sixty miles around that point.

Arrests by secession forces at Fairfax.

We hear by a gentleman from the neighborhood of Fairfax Court-House that three persons were arrested at that place yesterday by the secession troops. One of them, a Mr. Bennett, was arrested on the charge of ‘"giving aid and comfort to the enemy"’ by shoeing the horse of a United States soldier. The charges against the two others our informant did not know. There were not more than one hundred secession troops at Fairfax Court-House.

More Arrests in Washington.

The Star states that yesterday a squad of men of company A, Union Regiment, arrested Mr. F. Markoe, late a fourth class clerk in the State Department, on a charge of having said in a conversation with J. C. Wright, in Georgetown, that he was in communication with the Southern Commissioners in Europe. Mr. M., at his examination before Justice Donn, explained what he said to the witness. He is an intimate acquaintance of A. Dudley Mann, one of the South Carolina Commissioners to Europe, and received, a few days before this conversation, a letter from him, in which he stated positively that England and France would recognize the Southern Confederacy. In the conversation, Wright expressed the opinion that the European powers would not recognize the Southern Confederacy; the prisoner expressed a different opinion, and referred to this letter as the ground for it. He declared that he was ready to show that letter to the President at any time, and claimed to be a good Union man. The Justice detained him in custody to await the order of General Mansfield.

Wm. Gerecke, liquor dealer, was arrested upon the information of Edward Flaver, 12th New York Regiment, and J. C. Wright, 2d Ohio Regiment. The evidence against him was that he kept in his place of business a figure wrapped in cotton, and over it the motto ‘" Cotton is King."’ The soldiers saw it, and inquired its meaning. Unsatisfactory replies induced the soldiers to cause his arrest. Considerable excitement resulted, which was not allayed until Mr. Gerecke proved that he was a loyal citizen.

Franklin Minor, late a clerk in the Census Bureau, and a lawyer by profession, was arrested by a squad of troops and taken before Justice Johnson, who released him upon his own security for a further hearing.

M. A. Febrey, arrested on a charge of being a secessionist from Virginia, proved that he was a Union man, and on taking the oath of allegiance, was released.

Robert Muir was dismissed by Justice Johnson. He was arrested by a squad of company A, Union regiment.

The next demonstration.

The New York Tribune says that a military movement is now under way in Western Virginia, which is to have an important effect upon the position of affairs. Though the particulars of the movement cannot be given, it is stated that it is not to be on Harper's Ferry, though that point is expected to come again into Federal hands by a flank movement.

Naval Movements.

The steamer Massachusetts has just sailed from Boston for Fort Pickens, with a large amount of armaments, consisting of rifled cannon, pistols, &c. The Mississippi will be ready for sea again by the latter part of this week. The revenue cutter Caleb Cushing is now lying at East Boston, where she is having a complete overhauling of her masts, rigging, sails, &c. She will sail in about ten days for the Chesapeake Bay, under the command of Lieut. Amazine, and remain on that station during the war. The sloop-of-war Jamestown is ready for sea at Philadelphia.

Interesting from Cairo, Ill.

The United States forces encamped at Cairo, Ill., are busily employed in fortifying that place. A letter to the Chicago Times, dated the 24th, says:

‘ A large force has been engaged during the past two days tearing down buildings at the extreme point, to make way for the proposed fortification. A heavy construction train is bringing in earth from a point twelve miles out, on the line of the Central Railroad, to construct a cross embankment from the Ohio to the Mississippi levee, so as to enclose an area of about six acres. When this embankment is finished as laid out, the troops here will be amply protected on every side by breastworks of a character that would resist the heaviest cannonading, perhaps for a twelvemonth. This work will cost the Government about $25,000 or $30,000.

The effect of the blockade at Cairo is seriously felt at all towns along the river.

A company is organizing at Humboldt, which, when filled up, will come forward to Union City. The talk there is to the effect that in less than ten days Gen. Pillow will have ten thousand men at Jackson and Union City for the purpose of attacking Cairo.

Interesting from Pensacola.

The Mobile Register has a letter from Pensacola, from which we take the following:

‘ There is a sand battery just above the city and one below, and soldiers from the upper battery down to Fort McRea. They are encamped as far out as three miles, and in all about 12,000 men. The Navy-Yard has no protection, and can easily be destroyed by Fort Pickens. No one of Fort McRea's guns bear on Pickens, as they command the channel, in which the vessels have been sunk. The dry dock that cost $150,000 is loaded with stone and brick-bats, with the intention of taking it down and sinking it in the channel, to prevent the Federal ships from coming in. I think whenever they go to sink the dock the ball will open, for Pickens is certain to fire on it. They have told Gen. Bragg as much, who pays no attention to them. When the steamers Keys and Lewis were fired at, it was just as much as the officers could do at McRea to keep the men from firing into the vessels, and when the boats turned back some of the men actually sat down and cried — they were so mad. Sunday some vessels anchored in the fleet, and I could see the soldiers on Pickens — they were as thick as bees. I could see them drilling on the beach, and the horses grazing near the fort. General Bragg has ordered all strangers away, or that they take position in the army. He has also moved his quarters from the hospital about a mile and a half in the woods.

Two immense Columbiads, each weighing 16,000 pounds, reached West Point, Ga., last Sunday, on their way to Pensacola.

From Washington.

Washington, May 28.--Colonel Butler and Hon. Messrs. Ashley, of Ohio, and Dunn, of Indiana, arrived here to-day from Fortress Monroe, on the Government transport City of Richmond. All was quiet at the fortress, but some important military movements were in progress.

Yesterday five transport vessels, with 2,500 troops, convoyed by the steamer Harriet Lane, went up Hampton Roads towards the mouth of James River and took possession of Newport News Point, and there entrenched themselves. The position is one of importance, as it commands the mouth of the James river.

The last transport was fired at by the Sewell's Point rifled cannon, but the range was too great to be effective.

The steamer Yankee brought to Washington to-day three prizes, at least one of them being loaded with tobacco.

Information has been received here that over two thousand Ohio troops from Camp Dennison yesterday took possession of the Northwestern Virginia railroad, which runs from Parkersburg to Grafton for a distance of 80 miles, and proceeded in the latter direction. A large number of troops also crossed the Ohio at Belair, three miles from Wheeling, for the same destination. This is indicative of events at Harper's Ferry.

Passengers from Alexandria to-night state that nothing of especial importance has occurred there to-day. The outposts, however, were being extended further into Virginia.

The probability is that the Brigade of Carl Schurz, Minister to Spain, who is now here, will be sent to Fortress Monroe.

Conversations in diplomatic circles recently reported, to the effect that the Confederate Commissioners had an interview with Lord John Russell and M. Thouvenal, and had been told that they could not be recognized, are manifestly overrrated. There has been no arrival here later than the one which brought advices that the Commissioners of the Confederate States had not yet been received in London, and had not yet applied to be admitted in Paris. Of the same character is the report that the Seward proposition to accede to the Paris declaration abolishing privateering had been rejected. It is understood that these instructions were sent to Mr. Adams and Mr. Dayton.

As there seems to be some sensitiveness in business circles about the recent seizures of telegraphic dispatches in all the principal Northern towns and cities, and a general apprehension that private business transactions may be exposed, it may not be improper to assure the public that there is no danger of any such exposure.

Allen A. Burton, of Ky., has been appointed Minister resident to New Granada in the place of Gen. Jones, of Iowa.

The belief that the President has determined to tender Col. Fremont a Major Generalship, elicits much gratification.

Ex-Governor Banks is here by invitation of the Secretary of War.

Brig. Gen'l McDowell, United States army, is to have command of the forces operating towards Richmond. It is understood to be General Scott's policy to put the younger class of officers into field service, and therefore it is said that Col. Meigs is employed on other duties than what relates to the construction of public buildings.

Whilst the hands employed in the laboratory of the Navy-Yard were this afternoon engaged in filling gun caps, a small box of percussion powder suddenly exploded, by which Mr. Davis, a workman, was seriously if not fatally injured, and a young man slightly wounded in the breast. The damage to the premises is inconsiderable, although the accident occurred within a few feet of where 40,000 cartridges were lying.

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