The subject of cotton still continues to disturb the Northern
It is forever making fresh discoveries of places where cotton can be produced with the greatest ease, and where it must be produced forthwith, upon the penalty of Abrahan Lincolns dire displeasure.--Among the other spots which are expected to respond immediately to the wants of the cotton manufacturers, is Jamaica
, to which the efforts of England
were not long ago directed for the cultivation of this important staple.
We are not prepared to deny that there may be spots upon the earth having as great natural capabilities for the production of cotton as the most favored of our Southern and Southwestern States; though if the fact be so, it is strange that after so many years of search, investigation and experiment, they have not yet been discovered.
But we do not believe that even our own country could ever have become a great cotton-producing country under any other system of labor than that which exists in the cotton regions.
men cannot perform the field operations in that climate, and negroes, unless compelled, will not.--British capital, enterprise and ingenuity have accomplished wonders in every department of human industry, but they can never implant in the African constitution the love or capacity of useful and productive industry.
itself is one of the most striking cases in point.
English and American travellers who have visited that island say that there is some land there which has the appearance of being suited to cotton agriculture; but all candid observers agree (and none is more emphatic than the intelligent Englishman
, Mr. Trollope
, who has lately written a work upon that island,) that the want of Jamaica
is laborers, that there are not white laborers enough and never will be and that the black inhabitants will not perform labor of any kind beyond that which is necessary to keep themselves from starvation.--The climate enables them to dispense with the necessity of much clothing, and the earth supplies them with provisions almost spontaneously.
The inhabitants are more listless and leisure-loving than the people of the south of Italy
, caring for little except pumpkins, plantains and yams, which may be produced with very little exertion, one hour's labor a day enabling a man to vegetate after the manner that is most agreeable to the African nature.
Is this the population which is to contribute in the smallest degree to render England
independent of cotton of America
, where the best cotton lands of the world are cultivated by white intelligence, skill and experience directing and controlling slave labor?