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Congressional.

Washington Dec. 10,
--Senate.--The Senate agreed to continue the Standing Committees of last session.

Mr. Sumner presented a memorial from Thaddeus Hyatt, asking aid for the people in Kansas.

With relation to the select committee of thirteen on the President's Message, Mr. Powell, of Ky., urged its appointment.

Mr. King, of New York, wished to amend Mr. Powell's resolution so as to read--" for the protection of persons as well as property in the United States, and inquire what legislation is necessary for the maintenance of the Federal power."

Mr. Green, of Mo., was willing to amend the Constitution, as well as give power to the Executive to enforce the laws and maintain the rights of persons and property. He advocated a Federal police along the boundary line between the free and slave States, with power to arrest and return fugitive slaves.

Mr. Powell's resolution was amended so as to strike out the portion inquiring as to the necessity of additional Federal power.

Mr. Green advocated the amendment of the Constitution, provided it was sustained by public sentiment; not otherwise. Before the good old times can be restored, the Government must intervene to protect the States, and if possible clog the wheels of dissolution until a reaction takes place.

Mr. Foster, of Conn., favored allaying public excitement. He advocated Powell's resolution.

Mr. Douglas, of Ill, was ready to act with anybody or individual for the preservation of the Constitution, and urged all to lay aside their party feuds and petty grievances, and look to our country and not to party. (Applause in the galleries.)

Mr. Davis, of Miss, said the prospect presented was not a very hopeful one. If Federal coercion be used, the Union is shattered to fragments. The remedy lies in the heart of the people. The South is prepared to do justice. The repeal of the Personal Liberty bills is but of little account — the only remedy is in the hearts of the people. He would resist Federal coercion, and argued against its constitutionality.

The debate was continued at great length, and pending a motion to postpone the resolution till Monday, the Senate adjourned.

House.--Mr. Hawkins explained at length why he could not serve on the Boteler committee, and in the course of his remarks he bitterly attacked the unfair construction of the committee. He was particularly severe on Winter Davis, who, he said, did not represent the sentiment of his State. He gave fair warning that Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia and South Carolina would certainly secede, and Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas certainly follow. The selection of the members of the committee tended to disgrace and irritate the South. The time for hatching up a peace had gone by.

Messrs. Vallandigham and McClernand complained that the Democracy of the North-west were unrepresented on the Committee.

Mr. Sickles said if disunion comes, New York city will set up for herself as a free port. To settle the present question, he thought the Republicans must take the initiative, and repeal all unjust laws, as well as give the proper protection to Southern rights. If they will not respect the Constitution of our forefathers, it cannot be expected that they can amend it, guided by such men as Seward, Giddings and Sumner, so as to secure the objects sought for.

No vote was taken on Hawkin's request to be excused.

Mr. Sherman, by consent, reported a bill authorizing the issue of $10,000,000 Treasury notes, to meet the necessities, which was passed. The bill provides for six per cent, interest, and authorizes the Secretary to issue them, as required by necessity, to the highest bidders for specie, without restriction as to par value.

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