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The South Carolina Convention.

Charleston, Dec, 26.
--The President of the Convention read a communication from Gov. Petry, of Florida. He says, in acknowledging the compliment of having been invited to a section the floor of the hall, that he has "now been honored with a seat with those who, smarting under wrongs, have with an unparalleled unanimity, broken the link which bound there to a faithless Confederacy. You are engaged with a high and laudable aim, inspired by a holy purpose, in devising a government which shall offer the greatest liberty consistent with the rights of the people. I assure you, gentlemen that the people of the gallant little State of Florida will follow your lead."

Mr. Magnault offered a resolution instructing the Governor to forthwith make all preparations necessary to assert by force the rights and jurisdiction of South Carolina in its territory. Lost.

Mr. Finley offered a resolution for communicating the "Declaration of the causes of the secession of South Carolina," and the "Address to the people of the Southern States," and the Ordinance of Secession, to the Governors of the slaveholding States, for the information of their respective Legislatures and Conventions.

After debate, Mr. Gregg offered an amendment, which was accepted, that copies be sent to all the States.

The resolution, as amended, was adopted.

The Committee on Relations with the Slaveholding States reported two resolutions--one to appoint Commissioners to the Conventions of the slaveholding States, when held, to invite their co-operation for a Southern Confederation, and that the said Commissioners submit the present Federal Constitution as the basis for a provisional government for such States as shall have withdrawn from the present Union, and that they invite the States to meet in Convention for forming a permanent government.

To-day the Convention met at 11 o'clock.

The usual prayer included an appeal for the security of the Southern Confederacy.

Mr. Shain offered a resolution, requesting the Governor to communicate to the Convention, in secret session, any information that has reference to the condition of Forts Moultrie. Sumter, and Castle Pinckney; the number of guns in each; the number of workmen employed in them, and the kind of labor in which they are engaged; the number of soldiers and marines in each; what additions, if any, to the men or works have been made since the 20th inst; whether any assurance, if any, has been given, that the forts will not be reinforced; and if so, what limit is assigned, and what police and other regulations have been made, if any, for the defence of Charleston Harbor and the coast of the State. The resolution was laid on the table for action during the secret session.

A resolution was introduced that citizens of the United States that are domiciled within South Carolina, shall be regarded citizens of this State, with the privileges and penalties of the same.

Mr. Brown said there were meritorious citizens in this State, who were adopted citizens, and as there are well-founded doubts in their minds as to their allegiance, I will say that the resolution does not contemplate making citizens of persons who may be accidentally residents of the State at the time of secession.

Mr. Kiunair offered a resolution for a recess from to-morrow until the 18th prox., or subject to the call of the President of the body.--Tabled.

Mr. Rhett offered a resolution, and wanted it laid on the table without reading.

Mr. Memminger thought it ought to have at least one reading.

Mr. Rhett then read an ordinance providing for a Convention of the slaveholding States, for the purpose of forming a Constitution for a Southern Confederacy. First, a Convention of the seceding States, to be held at Montgomery, Alabama, for the formation of a Southern Confederacy; second, recommending said States to appoint, by their Conventions or Legislatures, as many delegates as they have at present in Congress, and the vote, in adopting the Constitution, to be given by States; third, that whenever the terms for the Constitution shall be agreed upon, the same shall be submitted, at the earliest practicable day, to the Conventions or Legislatures of each State, so as to instruct their delegates to ratify or reject the Constitution; fourth, that it is the opinion of the State of South Carolina that the Constitution of the United States is suitable for a Southern Confederacy; fifth, that the South Carolina Convention appoint, by ballot, eight delegates to represent her in such a Convention, should it meet, sixth, that one Commissioner from each State be elected to call the attention of the people to the ordinance. Referred.

Mr. Duncan moved to go into secret session, which was carried.

[Second Dispatch.]

Charleston, Dec, 26
--P. M.--Mr. Brown's resolution this morning was referred to the Committee on the Constitution.

The secret session this afternoon lasted until 4 ½ o'clock, when the Convention adjourned until 10 o'clock to-morrow.

[third Dispatch.]

Charleston, Dec. 26.
--In secret session the following ordinance was adopted:

An Ordinance to make provisional arrangements for the continuance of the commercial facilities of South Carolina:

Whereas, It is due to the late confederates of South Carolina in the Federal Union, as also to Carolina's citizens engaged in commerce, that no abrupt or sudden change be made in the rate of duties on imports into the State; and whereas it is not desired by this State to secure advantages to her own ports above those of the slaveholding States--her late confederates in the said Union; and whereas this ordinance, for considerations indicated, is designed to be provisional merely, therefore we, the people of South Carolina, do declare and ordain:

  1. First.--To continue in office those citizens now holding Federal offices in South Carolina, "exclusive of any condition with the United States."
  2. Second.--That the Governor shall fill vacancies occurring in said offices.
  3. Third.--Adopting the revenue laws of the United States: no duties to be collected n imports from other States of the "late". Union; declaring voidthe United States laws with reference to foreign vessels; all revenues to be paid into the State treasury; all U. S. property in the State to by delivered by its officers into the hands of the State officers.

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