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Congressional.

Washington. Jan. 11.
--Senate--Several memorials in favor of the Union were received and referred.

Mr. Hunter's resolutions offered read as follows:

Whereas, certain forts, magazines, arsenals dock yards and other needful buildings, have been placed under the executive jurisdiction of the U. States by cession to that effect from certain States, and it may be the desire of one or more of these States to resume the jurisdiction thus ceded: Therefore, be it.

Resolved, That the President of the U. States ought to be authorized by law, upon application of the Legislatures or regular Conventions of the people of any such States, to retrocede this jurisdiction to any such States, upon taking proper security for the safe keeping and return of all the property of the United States or paying the value of the same if injured or destroyed by the act of any State making the application.

Mr. Hunter said, in offering the resolutions, that he had no hope of preserving the Union. His only hope now was to be ready to form a new Union stronger than the present one--Many difficulties were in the way of this project, but the love of empire in the American mind might accomplish the result. He is viewed the history of the agitation of the slavery question, which, he contended, had induced the Southern States to believe that their social system was not safe in the Union without additional constitutional guaranties for its protection. The loss of their social system was the loss of their moral status and the reduction of their States to anarchy. He stated in form the demands of the South, and declared that to these should be annexed the right of veto by the South on all matters affecting slavery. He favored a dual Executive, founded on a plan somewhat different from that of Calhoun, providing for the election by the electors chosen by the States in the section in which the candidates reside. He suggested other vital reforms in the Executive branch of the Government. He also favored the reconstruction of the Supreme Court upon the basis of an equal number of Judges from each section. He did not believe coercion was proper, even if possible, and not possible, even if proper. He argued this position ably and at length, and illustrated it by numerous examples, drawn from the nature of the Federal Government. He depicted eloquently the evils which would follow in the train of civil war, and urged that it should be, if possible, avoided, in order to secure the reconstruction of the Government. He thought the retrocession of the forts and arsenals to the seceding States would do much to promote this object. It the Government did not intend to coerce a State, it did not need them; and if it did intend to coerce it, it should not have them. He declared the Union gone, but favored the assembling of a National Convention of each State to reconstruct it. He declared that Virginia would not submit to the coercion of any seceding State.

In conclusion, he appealed most eloquently for peace, and closed with a cheerful picture of the reconstruction of the Union.

Mr. Barker, of Oregon, asked Mr. Hunter if, should the Convention assemble to remodel the Constitution, he would use his influence in Virginia to maintain the present Constitution and laws until the amendments were decided upon?

Mr. Hunter said he had voted for Crittenden's resolution, and could do no more.

Mr. Baker said he only desired to know if the Senator would use his influence.

Mr. Hunter said if he had not satisfied the Senator from Oregon, he despaired of his power to do so.

Mr. Hallan, of La., addressed the Senate, attacking certain provisions of the Fugitive Slave law. He defended the Republican position. He said the Republicans would not yield an inch, before Lincoln's inauguration. He did not believe the war of coercion would last long, though it might be terrible, and would cost less than the merchants of New York had already lost by Southern sectional agitations, which exceeded secession.

House.--Mr. Lovejoy asked leave to offer the following resolution:

Resolved. That is the judgment of this House, in the present state of the country, it would be wise and patriotic for the President to confer temporarily his power as Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy on Genercott, and charge him to see that the Republic receives no detriment.

Messrs. Jones and others objected to this resolution.

Mr. Curtis said the President had no such right under the Constitution, to delegate his powers.

Mr. Branch, of N. C., hoped the ayes and noes would be taken on the resolution.

No further action was had on the subject.

Mr. Hickman asked to be, and was, excused from serving as a member of the select committee on the President's recent Message.

Several private bills passed.

The House went into Committee of the Whole on the Civil and Miscellaneous Appropriation bill, and passed it.

The Navy Appropriation bill was read, and the House.

Adjourned.

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