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From Washington.

[Special Correspondence of the Dispatch.]
Washington, Jan. 11, 1861.
Brimstone is again in the ascendant Never there are not wanting some few signs of adjustment. Anderson has written to the President that he does not want reinforcements, and it is believed at the War Department that the troops on the Brooklyn and the Star of the West will be recalled.

Yesterday was the most exciting day we have had. A Wall street canard was sent on here to the effect that McGowan, the Captain of the Star of the West, had telegraphed the owners in New York that the steamer was safe in Charleston harbor. Great was the joy of the Abolitionists. Southern men were greatly depressed and mortified. Moreover, it was believed that the Richmond Grays had gone to Harper's Ferry. It was said that Governor Letcher had telegraphed Gen'l. Scott to that effect, and that the latter had answered that the Virginia troops should not pass through the District, and had even given orders to stop the Potomac boat in case the Richmond soldiers were on board. Altogether, we had an intense day of it.

Gulf States men repudiated indignantly the idea that the Charlestonians had shown the white leather, as Trumbull intimated in the Senate, and one of them went so far, when the McGowan humbug dispatch was shown in the House, as to go over to the Republican side and offer to bet $1,000 that it was untrue Nine of the Republicans were willing to take him up.

Mr. Dejarnette tried yesterday to get the floor, but the Republicans refused to let him speak. It was with difficulty he obtained permission to print his speech. In this connection, it is due Virginia members to say that all of them have been anxious to speak, but could not — the Republicans having applied the gag law by shutting off all debate.

A pickpocket and the noise in the lobby prevented me from hearing Senator Davis' farewell speech yesterday. It is highly complimented. He asked to be permitted to depart in peace. Trumbull, in his coarse, insulting. Western way, answered that his party were determined to maintain the Union and enforce the laws, it all hazards. When driven to the wall by Green's questions about the Fugitive Slave law, his fellow Senators gathered about him, told him to answer no questions, and cheered him on. A Virginia minister who witnessed this scene, told me that he believed it was enough, of itself, to make every man, woman and child in the South disunionists, if they could have seen it.

I had a short conversation with Gen. Duff Green yesterday. He thinks every energy of the people and the leading men should now be devoted to averting civil war, and believes the best way to do this is to make the opposing forces as nearly equal as possible. Lincoln is inclined to peace, but cannot abandon the "no extension of slavery" platform of his party. "I have yet to learn," said Lincoln, "that it is the part of wisdom for a man to leave his friends and go over to his enemies." If we manage to keep out of war until Lincoln comes in. Gen. Green thinks the future peace of the country will depend greatly on Lincoln's Cabinet — in which, as at present constituted, according to the papers, he has little confidence. Zed.

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