We copy the following from the Baltimore Clipper of Friday last.
The Clipper is a Black Republican paper:
At 3 o'clock yesterday morning, a detachment of military proceeded to the residence of George P. Kane
The house was surrounded, and the commanding officer rang the bell.
made his appearance at the window, and was informed that he was wanted.
He then came down to the front door, and was informed that they came to arrest him. A hack was in waiting, in which the Marshal
was placed, and he was driven to Fort McHenry
The police on the route were taken into custody to prevent any unnecessary alarm, but were liberated on the arrival of the troops with their prisoner at the Fort
, where he is still confined.
The substance of the above was duly announced upon the bulletin boards, but the public were still left in doubt as to the particular charge upon which the Marshal
had been arrested.
Their speculations were put to an end, however, by the issuing of the following:
Proclamation to the people of the city of Baltimore.
Headquarters Dep't of Annapolis, June 27th, 1861.
By virtue of authority vested in me, and in obedience to orders, as Commanding General
of the Military Department of Annapolis, I have arrested, and do now detain in custody, Mr. George P. Kane
, Chief of Police
of the city of Baltimore
I deem it proper at this, the moment of arrest, to make formal and public declaration of the motive by which I have been governed in this proceeding.
It is not my purpose, neither is it in consonance with my instructions, to interfere in any manner whatever with the legitimate government of the people of Baltimore
I desire to support the public authorities in all appropriate duties; in preserving peace, protecting property and the rights of persons, in obeying and upholding every municipal regulation and public statute, consistent with the Constitution
and laws of the United States
and of Maryland
But unlawful combinations of men, organized for resistance to such laws, that provide hidden deposits of arms and ammunition, encourage contraband traffic with men at war with the Government
, and while enjoying its protection and privileges, stealthily wait opportunity to combine their means and forces with those in rebellion against its authority, are not among the recognized or legal rights of any class of men, and cannot be permitted under any form of Government whatever.--Such combinations are well known to exist in this department.
The mass of citizens of Baltimore
and of Maryland
, loyal to the Constitution
and the Union
, are neither parties to nor responsible for them.
But the Chief of Police
is not only believed to be cognizant of these facts, but, in contravention of his duty, and in violation of law, he is, by direction or indirection, both witness and protector to the transactions and the parties engaged therein.
Under such circumstances, the Government
cannot regard him otherwise than as the head of an armed force, hostile to its authority, and acting in concert with its avowed enemies.
For this reason superseding his official authority and that of the Commissioners
of Police, I have arrested and do now detain him in custody of the United States
; and in further pursuance of my instructions, I have appointed, for the time being, Col. Kenley
, of the First Regiment of Maryland Volunteers, Provost Marshal
, in and for the city of Baltimore
, ‘"to superintend and cause to be executed, the Police laws provided by the Legislature of Maryland,"’ with the aid and assistance of the subordinate officers of the Police Department, and he will be respected accordingly.
Whenever a loyal citizen shall be otherwise named for the performance of this duty, who will execute these laws impartially and in good faith to the Government
of the United States
, the military force of this department will render to him that instant and willing obedience which is due from every good citizen to his Government.
The Police Board of Baltimore
protested against the proceeding, as follows:
Whereas, the laws of the State of Maryland
give the whole and exclusive control of the Police Force
of the city to the Board of Police, organized and appointed by the General Assembly; and not only are the said Board bound to exercise the powers in, and to discharge the duties imposed upon them, but all other persons are positively prohibited, under heavy penalties, from interfering with them in so doing; and
Whereas, there is no power given to the Board to transfer the control over any portion of the Police Force
to any person or persons whomsoever, other than the officers of Police appointed by them, in pursuance of the express provisions of the law, and acting under their orders; and
Whereas, by the orders of Major General Banks
, an officer of the U. S. Army, commanding in this city, the Marshal
of Police has been arrested, the Board of Police superseded, and an officer of the Army has been appointed Provost Marshal
, and directed to assume the command and control of the Police force of the city; Therefore, be it
Resolved, That this Board do solemnly protest against the orders and proceedings above referred to of Major General Banks
, as an arbitrary exercise of military power, not warranted by any provision of the Constitution
of Laws of the United States
, or of the State of Maryland
, but in derogation of all of them.
Resolved, That whilst the Board, yielding to the force of circumstances, will do nothing to increase the present excitement, or obstruct the execution of such measures as Major General Banks
may deem proper to take on his own responsibility, for the preservation of the peace of the city, and of public order, they cannot, consistently with their views of official duty, and of the obligations of their oaths of office, recognize the right of any of the officers and men of the police force, as such, to receive orders or directions from any other authority than from this Board.
Resolved, That in the opinion of the Board the forcible suspension of their functions, suspends at the same time the active operation of the Police Law
, and puts the officers and men off duty for the present, leaving them subject, however, to the rules and regulations of the service as to their personal conduct and deportment, and to the orders which this Board may see fit hereafter to issue, when the present illegal suspension of their functions shall be removed.
[Signed by all the Board]
Since the above was prepared, we have received a copy of the Baltimore Exchange, of Friday, from which we copy the following:
The crowning outrage of the military despotism which now usurps the functions of a once free Republic was perpetrated yesterday.
The 27th of June will henceforth be remembered as the blackest day in the annals of the history of Maryland
In the dead of night, an armed hand of twelve hundred men entered our city and arrested Marshal Kane
At an early hour in the day the Police Board
Under these circumstances the Board had but one thing to do. They could not suffer themselves or the police force to be made responsible for Major John R. Kenly
's proceedings, nor to be compromised by any connection with the individuals to whom General Banks
had confided the chief direction of our municipal affairs.
Deprived of all authority, the Board could not, consistently with its self-respect or duty, appear to countenance the acts of the usurping power.
It therefore temporarily dismissed the police from further duty, and ordered the men to take off their uniforms.
The rule of the clubs of other days will now be re-established.
We give below a more detailed account of the events of the day:
The circumstances of the arrest were as follows:
Between 2 and 3 o'clock yesterday morning, about 1200 military, consisting of portions of the New York and Pennsylvania Regiments, marched into the city, and proceeded up Charles street to Mount Vernon Place. Here they divided into two columns, one of which marched directly down to St.
Paul street, while the other proceeded to Madison street, down which they turned.
It halted also at St.
Paul street, Small detachments were sent out from each column, which took up positions near Calvert street, so that Marshal Kane
's house, on the south side of St.
Paul street, was completely surrounded.
The door bell was then rung.
answered from one of the upper windows.
He asked the object of the visit, and was informed that it was to arrest him. He immediately came down stairs, opened the door, and delivered himself up, remarking to the officer that the Government
had put itself to much unnecessary trouble, as a note requiring his presence at the Fort
, would have been answered personally.
He was placed in a close carriage which had been brought for the occasion, and thus conducted to Fort McHenry
, one-half of the detachment preceding and the other half following him. He was yesterday allowed to communicate with his family by letter.
On the march from the Federal Hill
camp to the dwelling of the Colonel
, all police officers and other persons met on the street, were placed under arrest and forced to accompany the military.
The same caution was taken on the return march, and it was only when the military had got beyond the limits of the city, en route for Fort McHenry
, that the police and citizens were released.
With the dawn of the morning the news of the arrest began to circulate through the city, and at a very early hour crowds collected in front of the offices of the leading newspapers.
The Police Board superseded.
The excitement on the streets grow intense, each hour, when at nine o'clock it was reported that a proclamation had been issued by Gen. Banks
, which dispensed with the municipal authorities of the city, and placed the town under martial law. This announcement added greatly to the prevailing indignation.--About 10 o'clock, James Manly, a member of
' regiment, formerly of this city, but who was compelled to fly to Philadelphia
on account of criminal charges against him, made his appearance in front of the Sun building
and spoke jeeringly of Col. Kane
and the city authorities.
This exasperated the crowd who had gathered there, and had it not been for the presence of a number of policemen, who protected Manly, he would have been severely dealt with.
The crowd cheered for Col. Kane
and Jefferson Davis
, and for some time it was feared that there would be a serious outbreak.
Through the efforts of the police the people were in a great measure dispersed.
Still, however, the sidewalks from Calvert
streets were thronged with an excited multitude, discussing the events of the morning.
The Exchange remarks, editorially--
The people of Maryland
have at last been compelled to drain to its bitter dregs the cup of humiliation which conquerors ever press to the lips of a subjugated people.
Their State was once the very sanctuary of freedom — and now!
her liberties are prostrate in the dust; her rights are overthrown; and her citizens hold property and life at the sufferance of the Northern
legions which have swarmed across her border.
The sullen drums of the invaders reverberate among their hills; their bugles may be heard along the banks of the Susquehanna
and Potomac; their frowning batteries look down defiantly upon her cities.
is overmatched, but she is not cowed — she is overpowered, but — thank God--she is unconquered.
Her high spirit is unbroken, her bright honor is unsullied — there is life in the Old Land yet.