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Interesting from Cairo.

--The Cairo correspondent of the St. Louis Republican, in his letter of July 1st, furnishes some interesting information, part of which is confirmatory of what we have already had from other sources:

Captain Pitcher, of the regular army, came here on Saturday, and remains here for the purpose of mustering in the three years volunteers. Yesterday (Sunday) he swore in three companies of the 18th Regiment. He went up to Camp Smith to swear in Company A, of the Chicago Light Artillery, but they refused to enlist for three years. This is a splendid company — no better on the ground.

By the way, this three years business is creating considerable excitement in the different camps, and considerable trouble to those in authority. The general sentiment in the camp undoubtedly is, that it would be more sensible to send round the paymaster ahead of the recruiting officer. Unless the men are paid off (of which there is no present probability,) there will be few left here at the expiration of the three months. I am safe in saying that four-fifths will go home.

A test was made in the 12th Regiment, and in the ten companies from two to sixty men in a company were found willing to enlist for three years. This, however, was founded on expectations of pay. In Col. Oglesby's Regiment it is probable that half would enlist for three years, if paid off; if not, very few. The officers are about as bad off as the men, and " impecuniosity" is a general disease, worse than the cholera.

It is currently reported around town that they have at headquarters the names of eighty-six Democrats, including the first citizens of Cairo, who are soon to be compelled to take an oath of allegiance to the United States, the present Administration, the Chicago platform, and all that sort of thing.--Those in authority ought to know that that kind of business will not pay, and that arrests of loyal citizens for no cause are about "played out." Very few would be willing to take an oath that was imposed upon them.

It may be news abroad that Southern Illinois is not abolitionized. We have good reason to disbelieve the "no-party" professions of the Republicans.

Lieutenant-Colonel Villars, of the Eleventh Regiment, at Bird's Point, had a difficulty with his Colonel, (Wallace,) the other day, and resigned. He is from Effingham, in this State, and has a brother a Colonel in the Confederate army in Virginia. There was talk of court-martialing him before he resigned.

There is no war talk around here at present, and no probability of a forward movement.-- Those slaughter-pens called gunboats, which have cost the Government so much money, or credit, per favor of Simon Cameron & Co., have not yet arrived, and it is not probable that any of them will get out of the Ohio without a rise. It is said that they are to get the finishing touch at Mound City, but it does not need the gift of prophecy to foretell that if they start down the Mississippi river, or any other stream leading South, they will get "finishing touches" that will put them out of existence in short order. They are an immense humbug.

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