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American affairs in France.

The intelligent Paris correspondent of the New Orleans Picayune gives some views of the attitude of France towards the Confederate States of America, which will interest our readers. The letter is dated June 14:

‘"The work goes bravely on!"’ Judge Rost is well satisfied with the views taken of the course of American politics by the English and French Governments. Lord Palmerston, Lord John Russell, Mons. Thouvenel and Count Waleski have acquainted him these Governments will acknowledge the Confederate States as soon as they approve their ability to maintain their sovereignty — as soon as they exhibit to the world that they are defacto capable of defending their rights, and they say the rule of acknowledging all Governments de facto will be interpreted largely in favor of the Confederate States; it being a fundamental principle of Republics that the people have an inalienable right to modify their form of Government at pleasure, and there being no dynastic reasons for with-holding a recognition of sovereign States which possess a Republican form of Government.

All the diplomatic agents of the French Government in the United States assure the Minister of Foreign Affairs Mr. Lincoln is waging a hopeless war. They all concur in expressing the opinion the Union can never be reconstructed, and that the North is every day widening the breach and wasting blood and treasure wantonly, and out of mere spite. They say the North dreamed the South could not be kicked out of the Union, and the North is furious to find not only the South determined to leave the Union, but to keep out of the Union, and that the loss of the South is a heavier loss than any man at the North reckoned. Mons. de Russell, a talented officer of the French navy. (the same who was sent to Abyssinia,) has just returned from the United States, whither he was sent by the Government, and he concurs in the views above expressed.

Confederate citizens are allowed to travel through France without the vise of their passports by the Federal Consuls. Citizens of the United States are required to have their passports vised by their Consuls.

Mr. Greeley's threats of withdrawing the exequatur from French Consuls in Confederate ports, has produced some irritation here. The hour the North adopted any such measure would see the whole diplomatic and consular corps of the United States swept out of France, and a formidable fleet leave Brest, Toulon and Cherbourg to end the blockade Mr. Lincoln has proclaimed. The North is unlucky in its statesmen. The speeches delivered by Mr. Clay and his accomplices--Mr. Seward's insolent dispatch to Mr. Dayton-- Mr. Greeley's threats and Mr. Seward's speeches in favor of annexing Canada, have done yeoman's service to the Confederate States. The Moniteur, (which is, as you know, the organ of the French Government,) says:

‘ "The most important news from America is the increasing malevolent feeling against England which exists in the North, because England refuses to treat the South as rebels, although President Buchanan declared in his message that to attempt to subdue the Confederate States was an undertaking in opposition to all the principles of the Federal Government. This ill humor appears not only in articles of insane violence (une violence folle) from the pen of newspaper editors, but also in private letter." ... And after mentioning the expedition of military forces to Canada, the Moniteur goes on to say: "The North, separated from the South and from the immense territories belonging to it, may be inclined to seek compensation and to re-establish the balance by absorbing Canada in the United States. This is one of the Northern schemes, and English statesmen cannot forget that its avowed advocate is a personage who is none other than Monsieur Seward." "So you see that as Monsieur" Seward's speeches against the South did more than anything else to bring about disunion, so they are exerting a powerful influence on England to turn England with the South. I again call your attention to the care with which the Moniteur continues to avoid the use of the words "United States." It looks upon the United States as an obsolete expression.

The French Government has issued a proclamation exactly identical with the Queen's proclamation of neutrality. It proclaims:-- "H. M. the Emperor of the French, taking into consideration the state of peace which exists between France and the United States of America, has determined to maintain a strict neutrality in the contest begun between the Government of the Union and the States which pretend to form a separate confederation ( une confederation particuliere)": And it goes on to declare that no ship-of-war or privateer of either of the belligerents will be allowed to remain with their prizes in any French port or roadstead more than 24 hours, or to sell any portion of their prizes in the said ports. All French subjects are likewise forbidden to enter the service of either of the belligerents in any capacity whatsoever, or to do anything which might be considered an act of hostility, and it is further declared that all Frenchmen, whether in France or elsewhere, who act contrary to these prescriptions, shall have no claim to the protection of the French Government against any measures which the belligerents may think proper to apply. This proclamation, as you see, recognizes North and South on the same foot of equality --it recognizes them both as belligerents — it recognizes the right of the Confederate Government to issue letters of marque and reprisal. What more do we want at present?

This week or next week the French Government will recognize the independence of Italy, which will be an advantage to us; for as long as France does not recognize the new state of things in Italy, it will be averse from recognizing the Confederate States, both being creatures of the same god, vox populi. As soon as Italy is recognized, our independence will be recognized. Powerful causes are at work to bring this consummation. At the moment I write we are expecting to hear of riots at Lyons and Saint Etienne, the silk and ribbon metropolis of France. The distress of the working classes there, in consequence of the stagnation of trade in the United States, has reached a point which is well nigh unbearable. At Paris, not one-twentieth part of the usual number of "bagmen" or "travelers" have been dispatched on their accustomed circuit of business; either none are sent or the masters of firms themselves go, for there is literally nothing doing here. The cotton trade through its million of ramifications is getting feverish. Tobacco is a monopoly of the French Government, and from which a revenue of $20,000,000 clear of all deductions is annually drawn. All or the greater part of this tobacco comes from Virginia, Maryland and New Orleans. This tobacco the French Government must have, not only for the sake of the revenue, which it cannot do without at the present moment, when it is straining every nerve to procure money to supply the expenses of its vast military preparations, but for the sake of the thousands of working people employed in the government tobacco factories. The Journal des Debats says, speaking of the state of public opinion in England:"It is easy enough to see to which side the scales turn there;" and the Moniteur says, in a letter from its London correspondent: "The conformity of the Emperor's policy in American affairs with the English Government's policy gives a great deal of satisfaction at London, and it is observed the proclamation of the French Government is full of a more conciliatory spirit than the proclamation of the English Government. " I put these two passages together that you may see the tendency of England and France. The Debats declares the English Government leans to the South, while the Moniteur declares the French Government still more conciliatory.

I have forgotten to tell you that M. Granier de Cassanac, an intimate friend of the Emperor, is warmly in favor of the South. He understands the whole question. Prince Murat is also a partizan of the South.

Holland has sent the steam frigates Zeland, Djambi, Vessuvins and Cornelius Dirks, and the schooner Attalante to the Southern coast, to act with the English and French squadrons. Spain has suspended its law providing that cotton imported direct from the land where grown may enter duty free. It may now be imported from England or France.--The law is suspended for only four months.--There is great distress at Barcelona.

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