Death of the Sultan of Turkey.
--The death of Abdul Medjid, Sultan of Turkey
, is announced in the news by the Great Eastern
The Sultan was born May 6, 1822, and consequently at the period of his death was thirty-nine years old. At the death of his father, Mahmound II., in 1859, Abdul Medjld ascended the throne.
He found the affairs of the Empire
in almost inextricable complication, and his naturally weak and pliable character would have secured his overthrow, but for the intervention of England
against Mehemet All, who had led Egypt
into revolt, and the Sultan
's Grand Admiral
, who treacherously surrendered all his fleet to the enemy.
By the treaties of 1840 and 1841, Turkey
was admitted into the political system of Europe
, and from that day the Sultan has been passive in the hands of Western diplomacy.
He was happily not one of those weak characters who refuse to be moved as well as to move.
By advice of Reschid Pacha, his Vizler, a most enlightened and able Turk
he made many important reforms in the administration of justice, the tolerance of religion, the educational system, and the financial leviese of the empire.
He offered a nobly sacred asylum to the refugees of Hungary
, and rather than violate a Mahomedan's traditional hospitality, ran the risk of a serious war. For the last ten years of his life he has been destroying his nerve and brain by dissipation; and his long-expected death has at last come, as the result of that course.