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Important from Texas--blockade of Galveston--five small vessels captured.

The Galveston Civilian, extra, of the 3d instant, thus announces the blockade of that port:

Yesterday forenoon the lookout on Hendley's buildings run up the red flag, signalizing war vessels, with the token for one sail and one steamer beneath, bringing groups of curious observers to the observatories with which Galveston is so well provided. In due time the dark hull of a large steam propeller loomed up above the waters, followed by a ‘"low, black,"’ but by no means ‘"rakish looking schooner,"’ and approached the anchorage outside the bar.

By order of Capt. Moore, of the Confederate States Army, Capt. Thomas Chubb, with the pilot boat Royal Yacht, with our fellow citizen John S. Sydnor, proceeded to board the steamer, which proved to be the South Carolina, formerly in the New York and Savannah trade, but now converted into a war vessel.

The Royal Yacht, in answer to the pilot signal of the steamer, hoisted a flag; but the steamer evidently intended to force them to board the schooner; but this was not the intention. Capt. Chubb, on seeing the Jack was down, put about for the city, being at the same time out of range when the steamer hoisted a white flag. The Yacht then sent a boat alongside, bearing Col. Sydnor and Capt. Chubb. They were received with due ceremony and marked politeness. Col. Sydnor having delivered Capt. Moore's letter, Capt. Alden gave him written notice of the blockade. A conversation of about an hour ensued, during which Capt. Alden was assured of the entire unity of our people in reference to resisting the oppression of the North Capt. Alden expressed great regret that matters had reached such a pass; but said he was here to do his duty to his Government, and that the intention was to enforce obedience to it. He gave no assurances as to the means which would be adopted to carry out its intentions so far as we are concerned.

The hatch ways being closed and guns all covered, it was impossible to form any exact conclusions as to the strength of the steamer. She has six large guns, evidently 42-pounders, one large swivel near her bow, and at her stern two brass 6 pounders, all ready mounted for use as flying artillery. But few men appeared on deck, and the only clue furnished as to her complement, was in her clothing hanging up to dry. Capt. Chubb thinks there are about 150 on board.

Capt. Alden expressed the belief that his Government would soon be able to bring the Southern States into subjection, and, on being told that all classes of our people would suffer extermination first, seemed much surprised. He seemed disposed to converse freely in relation to our troubles, and received the plain talk and patriotic response of our two citizens in good humor. He said he was able to enforce the demands of his Government, and, if necessary, could shell us out.--He was assured that whenever it came to that, we would give him a warm reception.

There was one feature in this affair worthy of note. Col. Sydnor is a native of the South, while Capt. Chubb was raised in the same town (Charlestown, Mass.,) with Capt. Alden. He was thus able to hear from his lips the unmistakable evidences that all of our citizens of Southern, Northern, as well as foreign origin, are determined to fight to the last, sooner than submit to the detestable rule of Lincoln.

We learn from the Civilian that the steamboat Texas Ranger, from Berwick, arrived at Galveston on the morning of the 3d. The Civilian says:

‘ The Ranger came in along shore, in three fathoms water, about daylight, and received no attention from the blockading vessels, some three miles distant. The South Carolina had up steam and was moving alternately to the eastward and westward.

Mr. J. McElroy, of the house of Taylor & Knapp, who arrived last evening from Galveston, via Sabine Pass, and to whom we are indebted for the Civilian extra, informs us that the arrival of the blockading vessels caused very great excitement in Galveston, and that steps were immediately taken to prevent, as far as possible, vessels bound to Galveston from falling into the hands of the enemy.

The blockading vessel South Carolina had captured five small vessels — sloops — before Mr. McElroy left, including the yacht Dart, and the sloops Sharp and Falcon, well known in the trade between this port and Galveston.

The Vigilance Committee dispatched two messengers to Sabine Pass, in a pilot boat by which Mr. McElroy came passenger, to intercept vessels bound for Galveston. On arriving at Sabine Pass, other messengers were put on board for the same purpose, and, after leaving the Pass, the pilot boat met four schooners bound for Galveston, the Fairfield, Troy, Water-Witch, and Magnolia, and warned them of the blockade of that port. All these vessels, it is believed, put into Sabine Pass.

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Thomas Chubb (5)
Alden (5)
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