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The very latest.

Late last night we received a copy of the Baltimore Exchange, of Saturday last. Our extracts from its columns must necessarily be short, though we believe we present to our readers all the news of interest which it contained:

The war in Missouri--defeat of Col. Smith.

St. Louis, July 11.
--J. H. Bowen, agent of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad, brings the following account of affairs in that section of the State:

‘ About 2 o'clock on Wednesday morning the camp of the Federal troops, under Col. Smith, of the Illinois Sixteenth, near Monroe station, some thirty miles West of Hannibal, embracing 300 of the Iowa Third, 200 of the Illinois Sixteenth, and about 100 of the Hannibal Home Guard, was attacked by 1,600 Confederates, under Brig. Gen. Harris.

Although the Federals were surprised, they repelled the attack, drove the Confederates back, killed four, and wounded several, besides capturing five prisoners and seven horses. Harris retreated to Monroe, where another skirmish occurred, in which the Confederates were again repulsed. Smith then took up a position and sent messengers for reinforcements from Quincy.

He was afterwards surrounded by a large force, but it was thought he could hold out until reinforcements reached him. Most of the Confederate troops were mounted.

Col. March left the St. Louis arsenal yesterday for some point down the river supposed to be Cape Girardeau. There are now about 1,000 Federal troops encamped in the vicinity of Pilot Knob.

St. Louis, July 12
--A gentleman from Hannibal last night says that Col. Smith's command at Monroe was reinforced by three hundred mounted Illinoisans yesterday afternoon, when the Confederates, who had been surrounding Col. Smith's force, were attacked and dispersed. Gen. Harris, their commander, was forced to abandon his horse and take refuge in the woods. A number of the enemy were taken prisoners. Capt. McAllister, who was reported to have been killed, is only severely wounded, and will probably recover.

From Gen. M'Clellan's column — another battle.

Roaring Run, Va., July 12.
--A battle was fought yesterday afternoon at Rock Mountain, two miles east of this place, where the enemy, numbering two thousand, commanded by Col. Pegram, were strongly entrenched.

About 3 o'clock yesterday morning, Gen. Rosencrantz, of Gen. McClellan division, with portions of the 8th, 10th and 13th Indiana and 19th Ohio regiments left here, and after a difficult march of seven or eight miles, and cutting their road through the woods, they succeeded in surrounding the enemy about three o'clock in the afternoon. A desperate fight immediately ensued, lasting about an hour and a half, resulting in a loss to the enemy of 60 killed and a large number wounded and made prisoners. Some of the latter are officers. The Confederates finally retreated precipitately, leaving behind six guns, a large number of horses and wagons, camp equipage, etc. The loss on the Federal side is about 20 killed and 40 wounded. Among the latter, Capt. Crismeller, of the 10th Indiana regiment.

Official account of the victory of the Federal forces under Gen. M'Clellan.

Washington, July 12
--The following dispatch was to day received at headquarters of the army in Washington:

Hdqrs. Department of the Ohio

Rich Mountain, Va., July 12th--9 A. M.
Col. E. D. Townsend:--We are in possession of all the enemy's works up to a point in sight of Beverley; have taken all his guns, and a very large amount of wagons, tents, etc.--In short, we have taken everything he had, with a large number of prisoners, many of whom are wounded. We have also several officers as prisoners.

The enemy lost many killed. We have lost in all, perhaps twenty killed and fifty wounded, of whom all but two or three are of the column under Colonel Rosencrantz, which turned the position. Those of the enemy who escaped, fled through the woods, entirely disorganized. Among the prisoners taken is Dr. Taylor, formerly of the U. S. Army. Col. Pegram was in command. The column of Col. Rosencrantz left the camp yesterday morning, and marched some eight miles through the mountains, reaching the turnpike some two or three miles in the rear of the enemy. He defeated an advanced force thrown in by the enemy, taking two of their guns.

I had a position ready for twelve guns near the main camp, and as the guns were moving up, ascertained that the enemy had retreated. I am now pushing on to Beverley with a part of Col. Rosencrantz's troops, and am now within three miles of it. Our success is complete, and almost bloodless.

I doubt whether Wise and Johnston will unite and overpower me. The behavior of the troops in action and towards the prisoners has been admirable.

G. B. McClellan,
Major General Commanding.

From fortress Monroe.
[correspondence of the associated Press.]

Fortress Monroe, July 11.
--The steamer Quaker City is towing a large ship up the Roads, understood to be the St. Lawrence.

J. T. Songster, of Col. Baker's regiment, a native of Philadelphia, died yesterday, in consequence of a wound received during the storm of Sunday night, when he was shot by one of the guard in mistake.

Colonel Wardrop reports that thirty of his men have made a reconnaissance within nine miles of Yorktown. They went up between James river and Great Bethel. At the latter place are posted some two hundred Confederate Cavalry and one hundred artillerymen.

One hundred recruits arrived from New York this morning for Colonel Duryea's regiment.

The time of the Massachusetts regiments expires on the 16th, and that of the 1st Vermont regiment at Newport News, a few days later.

The latest from Gen. Patterson's column.
[correspondence of the associated Press]

Martinsburg, July 10.
--The 5th and 12th New York Regiments arrived yesterday; also two companies of the District of Columbia volunteers.

All is quiet in camp. A 32-pound rifled cannon arrived here yesterday.

Sam. J. Rea, a well known correspondent, was arrested here last evening at the order of Gen. Patterson, probably to prevent communication of army movements to the Eastern press. All access to him is denied.

A post office has been established here and letters to this division are promptly delivered.

From Eswtern Virginia — latest from Gen. M'Clellan's column.

Buckhannon, July 11.
--The latest intelligence from Gen. M'Clellan is to 2 o'clock this afternoon, when he had commenced erecting his batteries on the hill-sides. The Confederates opened fire, but without causing any loss.

When the courier left, Gen. Morris still held the Confederates in check at Laurel Hill, awaiting orders to advance. The skirmishing had been brisk and frequent for the past 24 hours. Three of the Seventh and Ninth Indiana were killed and one of the Ohio Fourteenth, and seven wounded of the three regiments. An occasional shell was sent into the rebel camp, a mile and a half distant, to keep them in their position.

More Bridge burning to Obstruct the passage of Federal troops.

Quincey, Ill., July 10.
--The railroad bridge between here and Palmyra, Mo., was burnt last night — also the bridge on the Palmyra road — by the Secessionists, in order to prevent sending troops into Missouri. General Mather has sent a detachment of one company of artillery, with infantry and cavalry, by boat across the Mississippi to Marion city, on the Missouri shore, with orders to push from there by land to aid Col. Smith. By the route taken they will avoid the bridges, but will have to march thirty miles.

Gen. Mather has also sent a strong detachment by the Quincey and Palmyra road, with orders to open the route by to-night.

Cairo, July 10.--A gentleman from Rush Ridge, eight miles below Cairo, says that three of the Confederates who were wounded in the skirmish at Bird's Point on Monday night, died of their wounds, and that a fourth was also dangerously wounded.

Cairo, July 11.--A gentleman from Memphis reports that a regiment left there yesterday for Missouri. He also reports that two thousand Confederates were at Point Pleasant, making preparations to attack Bird's Point, opposite Cairo. General Pillow had been superseded in command of the Secession troops by Col. Akins. All was quiet at Cairo.

Attempts to Seize a Railroad Train and burn a Railroad Bridge Foiled.

St. Joseph, July 10.
--The express train on the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad, bound east to day, was stopped at Monroe by four hundred Confederates, and an attempt made to take possession, but it escaped unharmed; and was backed to Hudson.

It is reported that there are 8,000 Confederates at Hannewalt Station, who will attempt to burn the Salt river bridge, east of Palmyra, to-night.

The station-house at Monroe has been burned, and the telegraph wires cut.

The blockade will not affect travel to the East, as the locality of the trouble is east of Hudson, the junction of the North Missouri Railroad. A vigorous attempt will be made to disperse the Confederates.

Later--July 11.--Five hundred Federal troops left here this morning, and they will be joined by 700 men at Hudson.

An unsuccessful attempt was made to burn the Salt river bridge last night — the fire going out after the enemy left.

A supposed privateer.

Boston, July 12.
--Captain Gerrier, of the British bark Major Norton, from St. Martin's, reports that on the 9th inst., in latitude 39, longitude 63, he saw a full rigged brig showing French colors, which hailed him in English, but he replied in French, which they did not understand. They, however, chased the bark for three hours, but were outsailed. The brig was of about two hundred and eighty tons, American built. She had no name on her stern, and was undoubtedly a privateer.

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