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News from Texas--blockade of Galveston.

Galveston papers to the 6th inst. have been received. The News, of the 3d, in giving an account of what occurred between Captain Alden, of the blockading steamer South Carolina, and Captain Chubb and Colonel Sydnor, on the visit of the latter-named gentleman to that vessel to learn the object of her visit, says:

‘ In the course of the conversation, Capt. Alden expressed a desire to receive friendly visits from our citizens, and stated that he should especially be glad to have a visit from Gen. Houston. Col. Sydnor informed him, in reply, that, though Gen. Houston had been a devoted Union man to the last, yet that now he had declared that he could no longer support the Stars and Stripes, but would fight to the last for the flag of the Confederate States. Capt. A. expressed his surprise and regret at this, and that his Government had no friends in Texas, but he said, nevertheless, he desired a friendly intercourse with our city, and hoped he might be hospitably received should he make us a visit. Col. S. replied that he could not promise what kind of a reception our authorities would give him. Capt. Alden inquired if there was not plenty of fish along our shore; he had heard there was, and he desired to catch some. He was informed that they were abundant along the beach, but that it might not be altogether prudent for his men to approach too near. Much of the conversation was in a jocular vein.

’ The News extra, of the 5th, gives the minutes from a log of the proceedings of the blockading vessels on the 4th, and says:

‘ It will be seen from the above that the result of the day's work by the steamer and tender, is the capture of five schooners, three of which have been set at liberty again, probably for the reason that the enemy can make no use of them; the two retained as prizes being the Shark and Ann Bryan.

At about 11 o'clock P. M. the schooners seen coming in over our bar at dark arrived at our wharf, and brought the passengers taken on the captured vessels, and who had been set at liberty. We met the Hon. John A. Wharton, one of the liberated passengers, from whom we received the following information:

Mr. Wharton was a passenger on the Shark, which left Berwick on Sunday before the steamer Ranger, and therefore bringing no later news. The other passengers with him were Messrs. B. B. Blydenburg, John Redman and Morgan L. Smith, also a family, name not remembered. Captains Jeamison and Patterson, partners of the Shark,) were also along, and the officers and crews of all the schooners. The Shark tell in with the war steamer just after daylight — being too near when seen to attempt an escape.

She was taken at five A. M., when the passengers and crew of the schooner were all taken on board the steamer, where they were kept all day and treated in a very gentlemanly manner by Capt. Alden, but in a very ungentlemanly manner by the Lieutenant named Wilson. They received a good Fourth of July dinner on board the steamer.

The cargo of the schooner and everything on board was taken. From Mr. Wharton they took two boxes of arms, purchased by him for Brazoria county; also ten gross of military buttons, a lot of material for a company uniform, and a six shooter. He was allowed to take his valise, and the rest were treated in about the same way. The cargo of the Shark was assorted, consisting of bagging, bale rope and groceries. We have no means of stating the value of the Shark's cargo, or that of the Ann Bryan. The other three schooners that were liberated were loaded with lumber.

The Shark had a mail which was seized upon. Mr. Wharton expecting to have his person searched, as the captain threatened, took the precaution to destroy some dispatches from the Government at Richmond, which city he left last Monday week. During the whole day Capt. Alden used every means in his power to get his prisoners to take an oath not to fight against the Government of the United States. He told Mr. Wharton that he and the others would have to take the oath or be taken to Key West. Mr. W. replied that he would then go to Key West, and all the rest gave the same answer. After keeping them till 5 P. M., without being able to get them to take the oath, he agreeably surprised them by saying they might go ashore on the lumber schooners.

Col. M. L. Smith was asked where he hailed from, and he answered from Texas, where he had made his home for some twenty years, and that nothing could induce him to take an oath inconsistent with the allegiance due to his adopted State.

This morning at daylight the war steamer and tender were seen at anchor to the eastward, about fifteen miles distant, with a schooner, as an additional prize. At sunrise the tender was seen cruising towards the East, near the shore.

’ The News, of the 9th, says:

‘ Yesterday morning, at 8 o'clock, the steamer South Carolina, with her ‘"mosquito"’ fleet, the Shark, Ann Bryan and Dart, were at anchor some ten or twelve miles in a northwesterly direction from the bar.

The Dart, Capt. Lawless, was captured on Thursday afternoon, on her way from Berwick Bay, after a sharp run by the steamer in pursuit, a ball from the latter going through her sail. A prize crew was put on board, and the officers and passengers were politely received on the steamer. Yesterday morning the passengers were permitted to go aboard the Dart and take their baggage.

At noon the steamer came in and anchored off the bar, showed the ‘"white flag,"’ asking communication from shore. Capt. Moore went out on the sail-boat Mattie, with a companion, and both had an interview with Capt. Alden, it being Capt. Moore's object, we understand, to ascertain the truth of the report current about the streets that Capt. A. had threatened to ‘"shell"’ the town if it was interfered with. We understand Capt. A. disclaimed making such threats, but feels confident of his ability to lay ‘"us in ashes,"’ should he be provoked to it.

An hour later one of the steamer's boats landed some of the Dart's passengers on the beach — among them some ladies — who all speak of the courtesy with which Capt. Alden treated them, but his Lieutenant does not appear to have been so polite.

At 3 o'clock, the Mattie brought some more of the Dart's passengers ashore, and half an hour after the steamer Olive Branch went out to get some more, but failed to reach the steamer, the latter starting out after a schooner, running down the coast, and supposed to be the Falcon, for Lavaca. Two hours later the latter was caught, and the steamer still kept out, apparently after another vessel, and at daylight this morning she was seen off the bar with two prizes.

The Anna Taylor went out early to-day in response to a white flag from the steamer — the latter and the fleet being at eight o'clock twelve miles from the bar, to the northeast, all under weigh. They have been out of sight all day.

The Anna Taylor, as we go to press, is inside, coming in — we presume with the baggage of the passengers on the Dart. Three of the fleet are in sight--one supposed to be the Falcon, released. The Fairfield is safe at Sabine

’ The News also has the following:

‘ The steamboat Bell, from Berwick's Bay, put in at Sabine Pass, and sent her letters and some papers to this place in a small boat, which came off the bar to-day about 1 o'clock; was pursued by the blockading steamer; ran on the Point, and her bold crew succeeded in getting her afloat, and came into the harbor unharmed.

Several large droves of beeves have started from Gollad, Kaines, and adjacent counties, for the New Orleans market, overland.

Hon. A. M. Branch, of Huntsville, announces that he withdraws from the canvass for Representative in Congress from the 3d District.

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